Malaria Redux: The History and Ethics of Malaria Eradication and Control Campaigns in Tropical Africa
During the 1950s, colonial malariologists, in conjunction with experts from the World Health Organization, set up malaria eradication pilot projects across tropical Africa. They deployed new synthetic insecticides such as DLD, HCH, and DDT, and new antimalarials, such as chloroquine and pyrimethamine, in an effort to establish protocols for eradication. These efforts 'protected' some fourteen million Africans. Yet by the early 1960s, the experts concluded that eradication was not feasible, and the pilot projects were disbanded.