Dates Occurred: June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953
Duration of 3 years, 1 month and 2 days
Location: Korean peninsula, Korea Strait, and Sea of Japan
Territorial Changes: Korean demilitarized zone was established. North Korea gained the city of Kaesong. Neither side gained much border territory in the 38th parallel.
The Korean War began when 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean People's Army crossed the boundary between the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (Soviet backed) and the Republic of Korea (pro-Western) to the South. American troops fought on the South Korean side. The war was viewed by America as a war against communism. American officials worked hard to find a peace agreement with North Korea, fearing that if the war continued it would result in World War III. The war finally ended in July 1953. Five million soldiers and civilians lost their lives in the conflict.