The Human Machinery of War

The Human Machinery of War: Disability on the Front Lines and the Factory Floor, 1941-1945

This website was designed and created by Audra Jennings.

Many thanks to David J. Staley for his guidance and insight on this project. Thank you to Chris Aldridge for his technical advice and patience and understanding while fielding many technical and design questions. Thanks to Warren Van Tine, Susan M. Hartmann, Jessica Pliley, Mindy Farmer, Alison Efford, Michelle Wolfe, Renee Bliznick, Sion Sublett, and Robert A. Jennings for their thoughtful input, critiques, and advice on this project.

A Note on Navigating this Website
This website is interactive.  Scroll over the various images for more information about the images and discussions of the historical contexts of these images.  Simply click on an image to retrieve a description of the image, the citation, and a full-text version of the interactive historical discussion. On the individual image pages, clicking the image will retrieve an image viewer that will allow users to zoom in on the image.
A Note on Sources

Click on individual images to retrieve citation information. The images in this website were drawn from the Library of Congress Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Photograph Collection, the National Archives, and the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum Photos of World War II Public Domain Collection.

Citations accompany all primary documents. Excerpts were drawn from numerous sources:

“Men Dying in Gas-Filled Mine Shaft Wrote Pathetic Letters to Relatives,” The American Federation of Labor Weekly News Service, 1 April 1947.

Frances J. Montgomery and Sylvia E. Lurie, "Use of Handicapped Workers in War Industry," Monthly Labor Review 57 (September 1943), 437, 443.

Frank A. Reister, ed., Medical Department, United States Army, Medical Statistics in World War II (Washington, D. C.: Government Printing Office, 1976).

"Restoring the Civilian Disabled to Jobs," Monthly Labor Review 60 (June 1945), 1231 -1232.

Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1947 (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1947).

U.S. Congress, House, Committee on Labor, Subcommittee to Investigate Aid to the Physically Handicapped, Hearings, Part 1, Aid to the Blind, 78th Congress, Second Session (Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office, 1945).

U.S. Congress, House, Committee on Labor, Subcommittee to Investigate Aid to the Physically Handicapped, Hearings, Part 12, Accident Prevention, 79th Congress, First Session (Washington, D.C. Government Printing Office, 1945).

Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania: A Guide to the Keystone State (Oxford University Press, 1940).