Morgan's Alabama Cavalry Brigade Morgan's Alabama Cavalry Brigade

The Commander:

John Tyler Morgan, a senator from Alabama, was born in Athens, TN, on 20 June 1824. His family moved to Calhoun County, AL (1833), a pioneer area where he made friends with neighboring Indians. Morgan relocated to Tuskegee and read law until he was admitted to the bar (1845). By 1855, Morgan established himself in Selma where he lived until his death. In 1860, Morgan served as an elector for John C. Breckinridge, and he became a delegate to the AL state secession convention (1861).

Morgan's Civil War career began when he became a private in the "Cahaba Rifles" of the 5th Alabama Infantry. He rose to Lt. Col. of the regiment and fought at 1st Manassas. Resigning his commission, Morgan recruited a partisan ranger unit, the 51st Alabama Cavalry, becoming its colonel. He cooperated with Nathan Bedford Forrest in the Stone's River Campaign (1862-63), and at Chickamauga and the Knoxville Campaign. Because of his brilliant performances, Morgan was commissioned a Brig. Gen'l (16 November 1863). Morgan's unit was routed and dispersed in eastern Tennessee (27 January 1864) and he took a new command to Atlanta Campaign, skirmishing with the enemy on his "march to the sea." Later, he was assigned to duty at Demopolis, AL, and finished out the war trying to organize negro troops for home defense.

When the Civil War ended, Morgan returned to his law practice and entered politics. He was elected to the US Senate in 1876 and remained there until his death in Washington DC on 11 June 1907.

The Regiments: || 1st || 3rd || 4th (Russell's) || 9th|| 51st ||

1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment

The 1st Alabama Cavalry Regiment was organized at Montgomery on 12 November, 1861, with companies recruited from Autauga, Butler, Calhoun, Dale, Mobile, Montgomery, Monroe, Morgan, Pike, and Tallapoosa counties. It was ordered to Tennessee soon after and was engaged at the Battle of Shiloh, with light loss, reporting 588 present for duty. It fought at Boonville, suffering severely, and at Blackland with few casualties. The regiment moved into Kentucky with the Army of Tennessee, as part of Gen'l Joseph Wheeler's command. It was engaged at Perryville, and it skirmished for several weeks thereafter. When the Army reached middle Tennessee, the 1st was occupied in a series of skirmishes and then lost heavily at Murfreesboro. It guarded the flanks and front of the Army, and it protected the rear on the retreat to Tullahoma and Chattanooga, losing heavily at Duck River. The regiment fought at Chickamauga with little loss and was moved into east Tennessee with Gen'l James Longstreet, fighting at Clinton, Knoxville, Mossy Creek, and other places, with some loss in each. It was part of the force on the Sequatchee Raid, fought at Dandridge, and operated on and harassed the enemy's front and flank during the Dalton-Atlanta Campaign. The 1st was in the fight at Decatur, with heavy loss, and took part in the capture of Union Gen'l George Stoneman's column. Moving to the Tennessee, the regiment faced about and pursued Union Gen'l William Sherman. It was in the fight at Waynesboro, and it lost a number at Fiddler's Pond. The 1st participated in the attack against Union Gen'l Judson Kilpatrick, and in the collisions at Averysboro and Bentonville. Near Raleigh, a few days before the surrender, the regiment drove the enemy. It surrendered as part of Hagan's Brigade, Allen's Division, at Salisbury, NC, about 150 strong, on 26 April 1865. The regiment had participated in more engagements of one kind or another than any other unit in either army.

Field and staff officers: Cols. James H. Clanton (Montgomery; promoted); William W. Allen (Montgomery; wounded, Murfreesboro; promoted); David T. Blakey (Montgomery; wounded, Dandridge); Lt. Cols. Moses W. Hannon (Montgomery; resigned); William W. Allen (promoted); Thomas Brown (Montgomery; KIA, Woodsonville, KY); David T. Blakey (promoted); Augustus H. Johnson (Montgomery); Majors William W. Allen (promoted); Thomas Brown (promoted); David T. Blakey (promoted); A. H. Johnson (promoted); Vincent E. Elmore (Montgomery); and Adjutants James H. Judkins (Montgomery; resigned); E. D. Ledyard (Montgomery; transferred); Wesley Jones (Montgomery; KIA, Fiddler's pond); and B. L. Wyman (Montgomery)

Captains and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A"/"D" (Autauga)-- Thomas B. Brown (promoted Lt. Col.); Washington T. Lary (wounded, Middleton, TN; resigned, 10 Aug 63; promoted Lt. Col., 6th AL Cavalry); John A. Whiting (captured, Nashville)
  • Co. "B" (Montgomery) -- M. W. Hannon (promoted, Lt. Col.); John F. Gaines (resigned, 5 Aug 62); W. G. Campbell (resigned, 22 Nov 62)
  • Co. "C" [afterwards, Co. "D", 5th AL Cavalry](Morgan) -- James W. Harper (resigned, 24 May 62); Josiah Patterson (promoted, Col., 5th AL Cavalry); S. W. Nunn (to Capt., 5th AL Cavalry)
  • Co. "D"/"C", "F", Pearson Dragoons (Tallapoosa) -- John G. Stokes (resigned, 25 Oct 62); Jesse W. Fitzpatrick (resigned, 26 Nov 64); Henry C. Washburn (1st Lt., paroled as Capt., Co. "D")
  • Co. "E", J. Powell's Dragoons (Calhoun) -- David T. Blakey (promoted, Major); Warren Stone Reese (promoted, Col., 12th AL Cavalry); John Monroe Anderson
  • Co. "F"/"A" (Pike, Dale, Coffee) -- Augustus H. Johnson (promoted, Major); George P. Fuhrman (captured, Middleton)
  • Co. "G"/"B" (Autauga, Montgomery) -- Joseph Hodgson (resigned, 23 march 63; promoted, Lt. Col. Hodgson's Battalion; promoted, Col., 7th AL Cavalry); George Speed (KIA, Noonday Creek); Robert A. Allen (paroled as Capt., Co. "I")
  • Co. "H"/"E", Sandy Williams' Guards (Monroe, Butler) -- H. Orlando Abney (resigned, 26 June 62); James A. Hightower (resigned); Vincent Martin Elmore (promoted, Major); Bolling Kavanaugh (paroled as Capt., Co. "K")
  • Co. "I" (Pike, Butler) -- Charles H. Colvin (resigned, 8 Dec 62); Sydney E. Allen (KIA, Murfreesboro); Robert Allen (wounded; promoted, Capt., Co. "G"/"B")
  • Co. "I" [formerly and subsequently, Co. "B", 12th AL Cavalry Battalion] -- Augustus J. Ingram
  • Co. "K" (Montgomery) -- James H. Clanton (promoted, Col.); Britton C. Tarver (resigned, 8 Nov 62); J. W. McDowell (resigned, 7 Dec 62)
  • Co. "K" [formerly and subsequently Co. "C", 12th AL Cavalry Battalion] -- J. M. Musgrove
  • Co. "L" [formerly and subsequently Co. "D", 12th AL Cavalry Battalion; later Co. "D", 12th AL Cavalry] -- J. W. Whorton

Historical Resources:

3rd Alabama Cavalry Regiment

The Third Alabama Cavalry Regiment was organized at Tupelo, MS, 1 July 1862, by companies that had been in the service some months, and several of which, such as "Murphy's Battalion," had fought at Shiloh. These companies were from Autauga, Calhoun, Choctaw, Dallas, Mobile, Monroe, and Perry counties. The regiment accompanied the army into Kentucky and was engaged in daily conflicts with the enemy, particularly at Bramlet's Station and Perryville. It fell back with the army and was on constant and arduous duty during the remainder of the war, protecting its communications, guarding its rear and flanks, and often raiding upon the enemy's trains and outposts. It was part of the brigade composed of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 9th, 12th, and 51st Alabama cavalry regiments, commanded first by Gen'l William Wirt Allen of Montgomery, subsequently by Gen'l James Hagan of Mobile. The 3rd was engaged at Murfreesboro, Shelbyville, Chickamauga, Kingston, Knoxville, Mossy Creek, Strawberry Plains, losing continuously in casualties, and suffering severely during Gen'l James Longstreet's winter campaign. In the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, it performed arduous service, fighting with severe loss at Decatur, and helping to capture US Gen'l George Stoneman's column. In front of US Gen'l William T. Sherman, the regiment shrouded Hood's movements, then harassed the former on his march, participating in the fights near Macon, at Winchester, Aiken, Fayetteville, Bentonville, Raleigh, and Chapel Hill. Reduced by its losses to a skeleton, the regiment was surrendered at Durham Station, Orange County, North Carolina on 26 April 1865.

Field and staff Officers: Cols. James Hagan (Mobile; wounded, Franklin, Kingston, TN); Josiah Robins (Wilcox; wounded, near Fayetteville.); Lt. Cols. S. Jennings Murphy (Mobile; transferred); Tyirie H. Mauldin (Monroe; resigned); Josiah Robins (promoted); John D. Farish (Wilcox; wounded, near Fayetteville); and Majors Frank Y. Gaines (Choctaw; retired); Josiah Robins (promoted); John D. Farish (wounded, Coosa Valley); and D. P. Forney (Calhoun)

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A", Ruffin Dragoons (Choctaw) -- Frank Y. Gaines (promoted, Major); William W. Lang (resigned, 13 Dec 62); William P. Cheney
  • Co. "B" [formerly, Co. "M", Wirt Adams' Cavalry] (Monroe) -- Tyirie H. Mauldin (promoted, Lt. Col.); T. J. [F. J.?] Billingslea
  • Co. "C" [formerly Robbins' Independent Co.] (Wilcox) -- Josiah Robbins (promoted, Major); John Wesley Voltz
  • Co. "D" [formerly Jackson County Mounted Rifles] (Wilcox, Dallas) -- Thomas F. Jenkins (resigned, 30 May 62); John D. Farish (promoted, Major); Samuel W. Pegues
  • Co. "E", Mobile Humphries Dragoons [formerly Co. "D", Wirt Adams' Cavalry] (Mobile) -- Paul Ravesies (transferred); John W. Smith (resigned); James C. Brown
  • Co. "F" [formerly Murphy's Independent Co.] (Perry, Dallas) -- Samuel Jennings Murphy; William B. Cathy (KIA, Perryville, 8 Oct 62); Reuben W. Cole (resigned, 25 Nov 64); Thomas J. Norris (KIA, Chapel Hill)
  • Co. "G", Floyd Bush Rangers (Calhoun) -- Daniel P. Forney (promoted); Alex O. Stewart
  • Co. "H" [formerly Independent Co.] (Autauga) -- Jesse J. Cox (resigned, 8 May 62); James D. [James M.?] Hill (resigned); Wilbur F. Mims
  • Co. "I" [formerly Lenoir County Cavalry] (Dallas, Wilcox) -- James Boykin (transferred); Augustus Tomlinson (died in service); Thomas Lenoir (KIA, Resaca); Henry R. Gordon
  • Co. "K" (Dallas, Wilcox) -- R. W. Smith (transferred); Holloway

Historoical resources:

4th Alabama (Russell's) Cavalry Regiment

Russell's 4th Alabama Cavalry Regiment was formed at Murfreesboro, TN in December 1862 by a consolidation of four companies from Nathan B. Forrest's Old Tennessee Cavalry Regiment, and six companies from the 4th Alabama Battalion. (Recruits were from Cherokee, Jackson, Lawrence, Madison, Marshall, Monroe, and Wilcox counties). Forrest's old companies had been with him for 15 months and had fought at Fort Donelson, Shiloh, and many other engagements. Shortly after its organization, the regiment was sent with Forrest on a raid into west Tennessee, fighting in the battles of Lexington, Trenton, and Jackson. It also served in John T. Morgan's and William Wirt Allen's brigades, at Parker's Cross Roads, and Chickamauga. It also was in the Knoxville and Dalton-Atlanta campaigns. Later it skirmished in the Tennessee Valley and served under Gen'l James R. Chalmers in Alabama. After the Battle of Nashville, the 4th was assigned to Forrest's Corps and was included in the surrender on 4 May 1865. Col. A. A. Russell was twice wounded and was early placed in command of a brigade, thus the regiment was under the command of Lt. Col. Joseph M. Hambrick.

Field and staff officers: Col. Alfred A. Russell (Jackson County; wounded, twice); Lt. Col. Joseph M. Hambrick (Madison County; wounded, Calhoun, GA); Major F. M. Taylor (Madison County); and Adjutant Harry F. Christian (Madison)

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A" [formerly 3rd TN Cavalry] (Wilcox and Monroe) -- W. C. Bacot (wounded, near Atlanta)
  • Co. "B" [previously, Co. "D", 15th TN Cavalry Battalion] (Cherokee) -- Alfred S. Truitt; Thomas W. Hampton (KIA, Mossy Creek); H. A. Gillespie
  • Co. "C" (Madison) -- Frank B. Gurley
  • Co. "D" -- William H. Taylor
  • Co. "E" (Jackson) -- Flavius J. Graham (wounded, near Atlanta)
  • Co. "F" [some of this company previously served in Co. "D", 7th AL Infantry] (Madison) -- Oliver B. Gaston (captured; died as POW)
  • Co. "G" (Jackson) -- Henry F. Smith (wounded)
  • Co. "H" [formerly 5th TN Cavalry] (Marshall) -- Henry Milner (resigned, 5 Dec 62); David Davidson (wounded; resigned)
  • (Madison) -- W. R. Whitman
  • Co. "I" [evidently consolidated from Co. "A" and "E", 15th TN Cavalry Battalion] (Marshall) -- J. William Fennell; James L. Smith; Thomas M. Patterson
  • Co. "K" -- David Campbell Kelley (promoted, Major, 3rd TN Cavalry); Joseph M. Hamrick (promoted, Lt. Col.); W. R. Whitman
  • Dunagan's Co. [Russell's Battalion, 15th TN Partisan Rangers, or Russell's Rangers; company evidently broken up when battalion was raised to a regiment, 23 Nov 62] -- Stephen R. Dunagan

Historical resources:

9th Alabama Cavalry Regiment

The Ninth Alabama Cavalry Regiment (designated Seventh Alabama Cavalry Regiment until 5 September 1864) was formed near Tullahoma, Tennessee in May 1863, by consolidating John C. Malone's Fourteenth and Zachariah Thomason's Nineteenth cavalry battalions, partisan rangers. The men and officers of the regiment were recruited from the counties of Cherokee, DeKalb, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Limestone, Madison, and Morgan. The former had organized in September 1862 and served in the brigades successively of Gen'ls John T. Morgan and J. A. Wharton, fighting at Murfreesboro. The regiment was in Wheeler's corps during the entire war. It first served in Wharton's Brigade until December 1863, and was in many skirmishes. It was brigaded with the First, Third, Fourth, and Fifty-first Alabama cavalry regiments, first under Gen'l J. T. Morgan, Russell, W. W. Allen and Hagan, and was constantly engaged in skirmishing. It suffered severely at Shelbyville, and it was involved in the Tennessee campaign, protecting Longstreet's corps. It was in pursuit of Union Gen'l William T. Sherman, with other portions of Wheeler's cavalry, during 1864 and 1865, and a remnant, about 100, finally surrendered in North Carolina with the Army of Tennessee. [Information contributed by Dale T. Ellis]

Field and staff officers: Col. James C. Malone (Limestone; wounded, Tennessee, Noonday Creek); Lt. Col. Zachariah Thomason (DeKalb; captured, Shelbyville); Majors Eugene F. Falconett (transferred); Thomas H. Malone (Limestone; captured, Shelbyville); and Adjutants William H. Binford (Madison; died in service); and Jerome E. Russell (Limestone)

The following men were captains of companies:

  • Co. "A" -- Thomas H. Malone (promoted)
  • Co. "B" -- William N. Hammack (resigned, 3 Dec 64)
  • Co. "C" -- George Mason (wounded, Atlanta)
  • Co. "D" -- Robert W. Figg (wounded, Dover; retired)
  • Co. "E" -- John H. Lester (wounded and captured, Dandridge); Marcus J. Williams (resigned, 18 July 63)
  • Co. "F" [formerly Co. "B", 2nd/19th Cavalry Battalion] -- Robert B. Davenport (resigned, 27 Jan 65)
  • Co. "G" -- William P. Westmoreland (transferred, 14th AL Battalion, Partisan Rangers); William E. Thompson (wounded, TN and Calhoun)
  • Co. "H" [formerly, Co. "C", 2nd/19th Cavalry Battalion] -- S. S. Clayton (captured, Shelbyville)
  • Co. "I" [formerly, Co. "D", 2nd/19th Cavalry Battalion] -- Allen Lea (promoted, Major); John G. White (resigned, 23 Jan 64)
  • Co. "K" -- J. W. [T. W.?] Harper
  • Co. "L" [formerly 2nd/19th Cavalry Battalion] -- John Green
  • James M. Stevenson (KIA, Dover)
  • Co. "M" [formerly 2nd/19th Cavalry Battalion] -- W. H. Starling; S. P. Dobbs (wounded, Shelbyville and GA)

51st Alabama Cavalry Regiment

The 51st Alabama Cavalry Regiment, Partisan Rangers, was organized at Oxford on 11 August 1862, with men from Calhoun, Dallas, Mobile, Montgomery, Perry, Pike, Saint Clair, Talladega, and Tuscaloosa counties. Ordered to Tennessee, the regiment was placed under Gen'l Nathan Bedford Forrest and was in the fight at Lavergne. A few weeks later, it was assigned to Gen'l Joseph Wheeler's command and served during the war principally in the brigades of Gen'l William W. Allen of Montgomery, or Gen'l James Hagan of Mobile. It was engaged in the Battle of Murfreesboro with light loss, and it was in the raid down the Cumberland River in January with like result. The regiment was engaged in frequent skirmishes while protecting Gen'l Braxton Bragg's communications. It was in the fight at Shelbyville, where nearly half the regiment was killed or captured. The 51st fought at Tracey City and Chickamauga with few casualties, then it was part of the force that made the Sequatchee Raid, in which 1,000 wagons laden with stores were destroyed, and 4,000 mules were butchered. The regiment was part of the force that captured 400 of the enemy at Maryville, and soon after it was part of the investing force at Knoxville. During the remainder of the winter of 1863/1864, the 51st was arduously employed in East Tennessee. It took its place on Gen'l Joseph E. Johnston's flank in the retreat to Dalton and fought nearly every day for three months. At Decatur and Jonesboro, the 51st was fully engaged, losing severely. It moved into Tennessee shortly after, then wheeled about and harassed Union Gen'l William T. Sherman's march into the Carolinas with much effect. About a week before the capitulation, the 51st captured the 1st Alabama (Union) Regiment. As part of Gen'l Hagan's Brigade, the regiment laid down its arms near Raleigh at Durham Station, 26 April 1865.

Field and staff officers: Cols. John T. Morgan (Dallas; promoted); Milton L. Kirkpatrick (Montgomery); Lt. Cols. James D. Webb (Greene; KIA, Elk River); Milton L. Kirkpatrick (promoted); Majors Henry Bradford Thompson (Pike; resigned); James T. Dye (Talladega; captured, Shelbyville); and Adjutants Charles Force (District of Columbia; transferred to line); David Shaw Bethune (Pike)

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A"(Calhoun) -- Daniel P. Forney; William H. [M.?] Hames (resigned, 5 Dec 62); Hy. T. Snow;
  • Co. "B", Thompson's Artillery [assigned to 51st AL Partisan Rangers, 14 July 62; acting as artillery] (Pike) -- Henry B. Thompson (promoted, Major); Lee W. Battle (wounded, east TN and near Fayetteville)
  • Co. "C"(Talladega) -- James T. Dye (promoted, Major); Thomas W. Curry
  • Co. "D" (Calhoun) -- Robert W. Draper (resigned, 7 May 63); William White (wounded, Sequatchee Raid, Bentonville)
  • Co. "E" (St. Clair) -- William A. Edwards (resigned, 29 April 63); Charles F. Force (captured, Shelbyville); 1st Lt. J. W. Lapsley
  • Co. "F" (Talladega) -- Nelson D. Johnson (captured, Shelbyville); 1st Lt. Amos Moss [Augustine Mose?]
  • Co. "G", First Partisan Rangers (Tuscaloosa) -- Hampton S. Whitfield (resigned, 9 Dec 62); Daniel T. Palmer (resigned, 3 Aug 63); William R. Walker
  • Co. "H" (Montgomery) -- Milton L. Kirkpatrick (promoted, Lt. Col.); Sydenham W. Cowling (captured); 2nd Lt. Joseph G. Allen (wounded, Farmington, Fayetteville)
  • Co. "I" (Dallas, Perry) -- John Robbins (resigned, 7 May 63); Joseph J. Seawell [Sewell?](wounded, Farmington); 2nd Lt. H. C. Reynolds; 2nd Lt. B. C. Harrison
  • Co. "K" (Mobile) -- L. R. Smoot (resigned, 14 Aug 62); Walter H. Ratcliff

Historical resources:

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File created 3 April 1997, and last updated 4 February 2000.