Gracie's (Moody's) Alabama Brigade, 1862-1865


The Commanders:

Archibald Gracie was born in New York on 1 December 1832 of a prominent Hugunot family. He was sent to Heidelberg, Germany, for his studies, and to the US Military Academy at West Point where he graduated (#14) in 1854. Following graduation, Gracie served for a time on the northwestern frontier but then resigned in 1856 to enter business with his father, now in Mobile, AL.

Gracie joined the Washington Light Infantry company of Mobile, and when the Civil War came, Gracie was captain of the company. He allied himself with Governor Andrew Barry Moore and seized the federal arsenal at Mount Vernon, AL when so ordered. Later, the Washington Light Infantry was incorporated into the 3rd Alabama Infantry which went into service in Virginia. Gracie's military skills were quickly recognized, and on 12 July 1861, he was promoted major of the 11th Alabama. Early in 1862, Gracie returned to Mobile and organized his own regiment, the 43rd Alabama. He was elected regimental Col. and led the unit in the fighting in East Tennessee, and Kentucky with Kirby-Smith's corps. As a reward, he was promoted to brigadier general (to date from 4 November 1862) and led his brigade at Chickamauga, the siege of Knoxville, and at Bean's Station where he was severely wounded on 14 December 1863. While recovering, Gracie was re-assigned to Gen'l P. G. T. Beauregard's Virginia command (May 1864) in time for the siege operations in the defense of Petersburg. He was later killed by Union artillery on 2 December 1864, while observing enemy movements.

After the war, Gracie's remains were moved to New York City. He was to have been promoted to Major-General soon. He was eulogized in a poem, "Gracie of Alabama" by Francis O. Ticknor.

Young Marshall Moody was born at Chesterfield County, VA, on 23 June 1822. He migrated to Alabama in the early 1840s and worked as a school teacher, shopkeeper, and as clerk of the Marengo County Circuit Court.

Moody joined the 11th Alabama Infantry as captain and became acquainted with Major Archibald Gracie, with whom he was associated for the rest of the war. Moody helped Gracie raise the 43rd Alabama, and when Gracie was promoted to Brig Gen'l, Moody became Col. of the regiment (4 November 1862). Moody also fought in East Tennessee, with Braxton Bragg's Kentucky Campaign, at Chickamauga, the siege of Chattanooga, the siege of Knoxville, and at Bean's Station. When Gracie was wounded, Moody took command of the brigade and oversaw the unit's transfer to Gen'l P. G. T. Beauregard's command in Virginia, along the James River near Petersburg. There he was wounded (Drewry's Bluff, 12 May 1864). Upon his return to duty, Moody and Gracie served in the trenches of Petersburg. When Gracie was killed in action, Moody again took command of the brigade. He was not promoted to brigadier until 4 March 1865 just in time to surrender with the Army of Northern Virginia in April.

After the war, Moody tried unsuccessfully to follow a business career in Alabama, but he died of yellow fever before he could get established, 18 September 1866.


The Regiments:


|| 23rd Battalion, Sharpshooters || 41st Infantry || 43rd Infantry || 59th Infantry || 60th Infantry ||



23rd Infantry Battalion, Sharpshooters

The 23rd Alabama Infantry Battalion, Sharpshooters, was organized at Charleston, Tennessee on 25 November 1863, and consisted of three companies ("E", "F", and "G") of the 1st Battalion, Hilliard's Alabama Legion. The men participated in the siege of Knoxville, and they fought at Dandridge and at Bean's Station. The unit was transferred to Virginia and then participated at Chester Station, Drewry's Bluff, the siege of Petersburg, at The Crater, Hatcher's Run, White Oak Road, and Appomattox. At the close of the fighting, only 4 officers and 43 men were left to surrender

Field and staff officers: Major Nicholas Stallworth (Conecuh; wounded, Chickamauga; retired, 20 Sept 1864); and Adjutant George C. Jones.

Captains and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "E" (Chambers County): John W. L. Daniels (retired, 6 Dec 64); J. M. White (wounded; died in service, 21 July 64); 2nd Lt. James A. Lampley
  • Co. "F" (Conecuh County): Nicholas Stallworth (promoted); William E. Broughton (KIA, Drewry's Bluff); Samuel Salter
  • Co. "G" (Montgomery County): John Hackett Hold (promoted); William A. Middleton (retired, 12 Dec 62); Robert H. Molton

Historical resources:


41st Alabama Infantry Regiment

The 41st Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized on 16 May 1862 with men from Blount, Fayette, Greene, Perry, Pickens, Tuscaloosa, and Washington counties. After proceeding to Chattanooga, it operated in middle Tennessee for some months and then joined the Army of Tennessee soon after its return from the Kentucky campaign. It was initiated into the harsh realities of war when "stormed at with shot and shell," as part of Hanson's Brigade at Murfreesboro. During that episode, it lost its brigadier and 198 casualties. The regiment then remained at Tullahoma until ordered to Mississippi with the other portions of Breckinridge's Division. It was engaged in the operations for the relief of Vicksburg and was in the trenches at Jackson. Having rejoined the Army of Tennessee, the 41st was in the forward movement at Chickamauga and in the struggle over the enemy's fortified position. Again, the brigadier was lost as were 189 casualties from the regiment. It was shortly after transferred to the brigade of Gen'l Archibald Gracie. As part of Longstreet's corps, the 41st participated in the struggles and privations of the winter campaign in East Tennessee, sustaining heavy losses. The regiment reached Virginia in April 1864 and was engaged in the Battle of Drewry's Bluff and Dutch Gap. It was then in the protracted siege at Petersburg north of the James River, and in the battles around that city. The regiment was engaged at Hatcher's Run and in the fighting on the Appomattox retreat under Gen'l Gordon. About 270 men were present under Col. Martin L. Stansel for the surrender [Joseph Crute, Units of the Confederate States Army, p. 27,reports 14 officers and 84 men]. Of the original 1454 names on the rolls, about 130 were killed, about 370 died of disease, and 135 were transferred or discharged.

Field and staff officers: Cols. Henry Tailbird (Perry; resigned); Martin Luther Stansel (Pickens; wounded, Murfreesboro); Lt. Cols. James Thomas Murfee (Tuscaloosa; resigned); Martin Luther Stansel (promoted); Porter King; Thomas Gaillard Trimmier (Tuscaloosa; KIA, White Oaks Road); Majors Martin Luther Stansel (promoted); Thomas Gaillard Trimmier (promoted); Jesse Gent Nash (Pickens; resigned); Lemuel Tillman Hudgins (Tuscaloosa; KIA, Petersburg); John Miller Jeffries (Pickens); and Adjutant John D. Leland.

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A" (Tuscaloosa County): Thomas Gaillard Trimmier (promoted); James M. Mills (resigned, 24 Dec 62); Humphrey H. Sartain
  • Co. "B" (Pickens County): John C. Kirkland (resigned, 2 April 63); L. F. Shelton
  • Co. "C" (Pickens County): Jesse G. Nash (promoted); Jere H. Cason (wounded, Bean's Station; resigned, 9 Feb 64); John C. Moorhead
  • Co. "D" (Pickens County): Robert A. McCord (died in service, 17 June 62); Bela A. Hudgins (wounded, Murfreesboro; retired, 17 Nov 64); John C. Fair
  • Co. "E" (Perry and Greene Counties): William G. England (resigned, 3 Oct 62); Francis M. Moore (resigned, 10 Nov 63); Andrew B. S. Moseley
  • Co. "F" (Tuscaloosa County): Benjamin F. Eddins (resigned, 1 Dec 63); Luther Morgan Clements (wounded, Chickamauga)
  • Co. "G" (Tuscaloosa County): Lemuel T. Hudgins (promoted); James White
  • Co. "H" (Fayette County): Franklin Ogden (resigned, 24 March 64); Holland M. Bell (wounded, Hatcher's Run)
  • Co. "I" (Pickens County): Thomas Smith Abernethy (resigned, 16 Dec 62); John M. Jeffries (promoted); John T. Harkins
  • Co. "K" (Pickens County): James N. Craddock (resigned, 24 Oct 64); James Halbert

Historical resources:


43rd Alabama Infantry Regiment

The 43rd Alabama Infantry Regiment was organized in May 1862 at Mobile. It was at once ordered to Chattanooga and placed under Gen'l Danville Leadbetter. It moved into Kentucky in Gen'l Edmund Kirby Smith's column but was not actively engaged. having passed the winter at Cumberland Gap, the regiment joined Gen'l Braxton Bragg at Tullahoma, being in a brigade under Gen'l Archibald Gracie. The regiment subsequently went back to East Tennessee and operated there for some months. Rejoining the main army, it participated in the battle of Chickamauga with severe loss. As part of Gen'l James Longstreet's 1st Corps, the 43rd was shortly after sent towards Knoxville and took part in the investment there, with few losses. It was also in the fight at Bean's Station, also with few casualties. Following the winter campaign in East Tennessee, the regiment reached Gen'l P. G. T. Beauregard at Petersburg in May, 1864. When Union Gen'l Sheridan swooped down toward the outposts of Richmond, the 43rd fought against him. At the Battle of Drewry's Bluff, the regiment was hotly engaged with heavy casualties. Then, it was in the trenches of Petersburg from June 1864 until the close, fighting continually and taking part in most of the battles that occurred by the attempts of the enemy to flank the Confederate lines. At Appomattox, the 43rd, with other portions of the brigade, had just driven back a line of the enemy and taken a battery when the capitulation of the army was announced. It surrendered as part of Moody's Brigade (Col. Stansel of Pickens commanding), Bushrod Johnson's Division, Gordon's Corps, and about 50 men were present for duty. Of the 1123 names on the muster rolls of this regiment, about 100 were killed, about 225 died of disease, and 161 were transferred or discharged.

Field and staff officers: Cols. Archibald Gracie (Mobile, promoted); Young Marshall Moody (Marengo; wounded, Drewry's Bluff; promoted); Lt. Cols. Young Marshall Moody (promoted); John Jefferson Jolly (Greene; wounded, Chickamauga); Majors John Jefferson Jolly (promoted); Robert D. Hart (Marengo; resigned, July 64); Thomas M. Barbour (Tuscaloosa; resigned, 2 Nov 64); William Jemison Mims (Jefferson); and Adjutants R. H. Henley (Marengo (resigned, 4 Feb 63); John R. Shelton (Greene; KIA, near Richmond); and John L. Stephens (Greene; wounded, Drewry's Bluff)

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A" (Marengo County): James R. Jones (resigned, 5 Aug 62); Oliver H. Prince (KIA, Chickamauga); Quintus S. Adams (wounded, Drewry's Bluff)
  • Co. "B" (Marengo County): Robert D. Hart (promoted); William W. Harder (wounded, Chickamauga); O. W. Pritchett (KIA, Drewry's Bluff)
  • Co. "C" (Greene County): John J. Jolly (promoted); Jesse A. Gordon (KIA, Chickamauga); Samuel W. McAliley (wounded, near Richmond)
  • Co. "D" (Tuscaloosa County): Thomas M. Barbour (promoted); James W. Mills
  • Co. "E" (Marengo County): Joel S. Jones (resigned, 27 July 64); Allen G. Watters
  • Co. "F" (Mobile County): Ernest H. Buck (wounded, Bean's Station; retired, 31 Oct 64); David Hughes (KIA, Petersburg); Winfield Woolf
  • Co. "G" (Jefferson County): William J. Mims (wounded, Chickamauga, near Richmond; promoted); Mortimer H. Jordan
  • Co. "H" (Walker and Tuscaloosa counties): William H. Lawrence (resigned, 24 Feb 63); Nicholas P. Lawrence
  • Co. "I" (Tuscaloosa and Walker counties): William A. Fitts (resigned, 24 Feb 63); Joseph A. Sylvester (KIA, Petersburg, 1 July 64); Edward F. Comegys
  • Co. "K" (Tuscaloosa and Walker counties): James W. Shepherd


59th Alabama Infantry Regiment

The 59th Alabama Infantry Regiment was formed by the consolidation of the Second and Fourth Battalions of Hilliard's Legion. The Legion was organized at Montgomery, 25 June 1862, and consisted of five battalions , one of which was mounted, and being detached in a short time thereafter, became part of the Tenth Confederate Regiment. The Second Battalion, six companies, was commanded by Lt. Col. Bolling Hall of Autauga and Major W. Stubblefield of Coosa; the Fourth Battalion was commanded by major John D. McLennan of Barbour. The Legion proceeded to East Tennessee, nearly 3000 strong, under its commander, Col. Hilliard of Montgomery. Proceeding to Cumberland Gap, it was part of the force that besieged that position. In October, the Legion was a part of the force that occupied Kentucky, a fatiguing march. It passed the winter and summer following in East Tennessee, during which time Col. Jack Thorington of Montgomery (First Battalion) succeeded Col. Hillards, and in April 1863 it was attached to Gen'l Gracie's Brigade. The Legion was in the Battle of Chickamauga where it lost more than half its number; the flag of the Second Battalion, for example, had 81 bullet holes. Moving into East Tennessee, Col. Thorington having resigned, the Legion was divided into the 59th and 60th Alabama Regiments, and 23rd Battalion, at Charleston, 25 Nov 1863. The 59th was in the investment of Knoxville and the fights at Dandridge and Bean's Station, with some casualties, especially at the latter. In April 1864, the regiment reached Richmond and shortly after took part in the battle of Drewry's Bluff and the fight with Sheridan. From June until the March following, the 59th was in the trenches of Petersburg or in the numerous conflicts on the flank and rear of the army, losing a number at Hatcher's Run and White Oaks Road. As part of Gordon's Corps, Bushrod Johnston's Division, the regiment was engaged at Appomattox and there surrendered.

Field and Staff Officers: Col. Bolling Hall, jr. (Autauga; wounded, Chickamauga, Drewry's Bluff); Lt. Cols. John D. McLennan (Barbour; KIA, Drewry's Bluff); George Whitfield Huguley (Chambers); Majors George W. Huguley (promoted); Lewis Henry Crumpler (Coosa); and Adjutant Crenshaw Hall (Autauga; wounded, Drewry's Bluff)

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A" (Tallapoosa County): John H. Dillard (died in service, 12 Feb 64); John H. Porter
  • Co. "B" (Autauga County): Bolling Hall (promoted); John F. Wise (resigned, 25 April 64); John E. Hall (wounded, Petersburg)
  • Co. "C" (Coosa County): William T. Stubblefield (promoted); Lewis H. Crumpler (promoted); W. R. Davie
  • Co. "D" (Barbour County): John D. McLennan (promoted); James Lang (wounded, twice)
  • Co. "E" (Dale County) [Co. "B", 4th Battalion, Hilliard's Legion, split on 14 Sept 62 and part formed what became Co. "E"; some of the men had prior servcie in Co. "E", 7th AL Infantry]: William H. Stuckey (retired, 30 April 64); James L. Williams; W. J. Peacock
  • Co. "F" (Randolph County): John Moses. Hendricks (died in service); S. E. A. Reaves (wounded, Drewry's Bluff; died in service, 16 March 65)
  • Co. "G", Siler Guards (Pike County): Ed. L. McIntyre (resigned, 18 June 63); John C. Henley
  • Co. "H" (Butler County): Louis Harrell (resigned, July 63); H. H. Rutledge (KIA, Drewry's Bluff); Zachary Daniel (KIA, Hatcher's Run)
  • Co. "I" (Butler County): James R. Glasgow (resigned, 4 Aug 63); R. Fuller Manly (wounded, Drewry's Bluff, Hatcher's Run; captured, Hatcher's Run)
  • Co. "K" (Coosa County): W. D. Walden (died in service, 14 Oct 63); R. H. Gulledge

Historical resources:


60th Alabama Infantry Regiment

The 60th Alabama Regiment was formed by consolidating four companies of the First Battalion of Hilliard's Legion with six companies of the Third Battalion. The First Battalion, seven companies, went out with Jack Thorington of Montgomery as lieutenant colonel, and John H. Holt of Montgomery as major [Thorington succeeded Hilliard as colonel of the Legion, and Holt was thereupon promoted, but he was killed at Chickamauga]; and the Third Battalion, six companies, went out with John W. A. Sanford of Montgomery as lieutenant colonel, and Hatch Cook of Georgia as major. The operations of the Hilliard Legion are given in the memoranda of the 59th Alabama. At Chickamauga, the First Battalion lost 168 killed and wounded of 230 engaged, and the Third Battalion lost 50 killed and wounded of 219 engaged. Organized at Charleston, Tennessee, 25 November 1863, the 60th passed through the winter campaign in East Tennessee. In the spring, it reached Richmond and lost heavily at Drewry's Bluff, where the regiment was complimented on the field by Gen'l Archibald Gracie, as the Third Battalion had been at Chickamauga by Gen'l William Preston of Kentucky. The regiment was in the trenches at Petersburg for eight months, and lost continually by the almost incessant shelling. At White Oak Road and Hatcher's Run, the 60th was fully engaged with many casualties. At Appomattox, the regiment had capturted a Union battery when word of the surrender came to them. Their number at that time was 14 officers and 170 men.

Field and Staff Officers: Col. John William Augustine Sanford (Montgomery); Lt. Col. Daniel Shipman Troy (Montgomery; wounded, Drewry's Bluff, Hatcher's Run (where captured)); Major Hatch Cook (Georgia; KIA, White Oak Road); and Adjutant James N. Gilmer (Montgomery)

Captains, and counties from which the companies came:

  • Co. "A" (Pike County): George F. Boatwright (resigned, 27 Feb 64); Sinkan A. Williams (wounded, White Oak Road)
  • Co. "B" (Coosa County): Thomas H. Smith
  • Co. "C" (Montgomery County): Peter M. McEachen
  • Co. "D" (State of Georgia): Hatch Cook (promoted); Robert B. Lockhart
  • Co. "E" (Henry County): James W. Stokes
  • Co. "F" (Montgomery County): Daniel Shipman Troy (promoted); David A. Clark (mortally wounded, Appomattox)
  • Co. "G" (Pike County): William R. Head (resigned, 26 Jan 63); John McCreless
  • Co. "H" (Butler County):M. A. Ridgeway (resigned, 22 June 63); J. M. Tarbutton (wounded, retired, 24 Oct 64); George A. Tarbutton (wounded, White Oak Road)
  • Co. "I" (Lowndes County): R. N. Moore (commission expired, 1 Dec 63); W. H. Zeigler
  • Co. "K" (Chambers County): George Whitfield Huguley (promoted); John W. Smith (wounded, White Oak Road)

Historical resources:

Comments and corrections, additions, etc., are welcomed. Email: Ken Jones.

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