Officers and Non-Commissioned Staff of the 35th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

35th Illinois - Officers and Noncommissioned Staff

Officers and Non-Commissioned Staff of the 35th Illinois Volunteer Infantry

The 10 Companies of the 35th Illinois Volunteer Infantry were raised in the following counties:

  • Company A - Piatt
  • Company B - Christian, Shelby, and Fayette
  • Company C - Shelby
  • Companies D, E, F, and I - Vermillion
  • Companies G and H - Fayette
  • Company K - Fayette and Effingham



*FIELD AND STAFF*
( Name and Rank / Residence / Date of muster )

Colonels:

Gustavus A.Smith, Decatur, Ill.
July 3,1861 Promoted Brig.-General September 19,1862
Discharged as Colonel September 22,1863 due to wounds suffered at battle of Pea Ridge.

Gustavus Smith was born in Philadelphia on December 26, 1820. At 16 he joined two brothers who had located to Springfield, Ohio, where he learned the trade of a carriage-maker. In December, 1837, he arrived at Decatur, Illinois, but soon after located at Springfield, Illinois, where he resided for six years. Then, returning to Decatur, devoted his attention to carriage manufacture, doing a large business with the South. He lost heavily as a result of the war. An original Whig, he became a Democrat on the dissolution of the Whig party, but early took ground in favor of the Union after the firing on Fort Sumter. He was offered and accepted the colonelcy of the 35th Regiment Illinois Volunteers. He also assisted Governor Yates in the selection of Camp Butler as a camp of recruiting and instruction. Having been assigned to duty in Missouri in the summer of 1861, he proceeded to Jefferson City. Here he joined Fremont at Carthage in that state, and made a forced march to Springfield, Missouri. Afterwards, he and the Regiment took part in the campaign in Arkansas and in the Battle of Pea Ridge, had his horse shot from underneath him, and was severely (and it was supposed fatally) wounded. He did not recover until 1868.

Being compelled to return home, he received authority to raise an independent brigade, but was unable to accompany it in the field. In September, 1862, he was commissioned a Brigadier General by President Lincoln, "for meritorious conduct", but was unable to enter active service due to wound. Later, he was assigned to the command of a convalescent camp at Murfreesboro, Tennessee under General George H. Thomas. In 1864 he took part in securing the second election of President Lincoln, and in the early part of 1865, was commissioned by Governor Oglesby Colonel of a new Regiment (The 155th Illinois Volunteer Infantry), but, on account of his wounds, was assigned to court-martial duty. He remained in this service until January, 1866, when he was mustered out with the brevet rank of Brigadier-General. During the second year of his service, he was presented with a magnificent sword by the rank and file of the 35th Illinois Infantry, for brave and gallant conduct at the Battle of Pea Ridge. After retiring from the army, he engaged in cotton planting in Alabama, but was not successful. In 1868, canvassed Alabama for General Grant for President, but declined nomination in his own favor for Congress. In 1870, he was appointed by General Grant to the United States Collection and Disbursing Agent for the District of New Mexico, where he continued to reside. He died on December 11th, 1885, and is buried in the National Cemetery in Santa Fe, New Mexico.

William P.Chandler, Danville, Ill.
Promoted September 22,1863 from rank of Lieutenant Colonel to Colonel.
Mustered out with Regiment on September 27, 1864.

Lieutenant Colonel:

William P.Chandler, Danville, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Promoted to Colonel on September 22, 1863

Major:

John McIlwain, Danville, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Killed in a skirmish near Kennesaw Mountain June 22, 1864

Adjutants:

William J. Ursey, Natchez, Mississippi
September 1, 1861
Resigned April 15, 1862

Uriah J. Fox, Rome, Ohio
April 15, 1862
Resigned November 17, 1863

Samuel W. Bird, Fayette County, Ill.
November 17, 1863
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

Quartermaster:

John M. Miles, Decatur, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Mustered out with Regiment on September 27, 1864

Surgeons:

William J. Chenoweth, Decatur, Ill.
September 25, 1861
Resigned December 14, 1862

Sidney B. Hawley, St. Charles, Ill.
December 9, 1862
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

First Assistant Surgeon:

David C. Tidball, Vandalia, Ill.
September 25, 1861
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

Second Assistant Surgeon:

Jonathan D. Wylie, Oakland, Ill.
December 8, 1862
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

Chaplains:

Phillip D. Hammond, Danville, Ill.
July 3, 1862
Resigned May 12, 1862

Rice E. Harris, Danville, Ill.
May 12, 1862
Left at Florence, Alabama August 18, 1862. Not heard of since.




*NON-COMMISSIONED STAFF*

Sergeant Majors:

George B. Peake, Decatur, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Promoted to 2nd Lieutenant Company A

Samuel W. Bird, Fayette County, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Promoted to Adjutant

Albert Gibbs, Fayette County, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1861

Thomas Hogan, Danville, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Reduced and returned to Company F

Quartermaster Sergeants:

Canover Hatfield, Danville, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Discharged December 12, 1861; Disability

Joseph D. Lewis, Baileyville, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

Commissary Sergeants:

James G. Miles, Danville, Ill.
September 1, 1861
Discharged January 28, 1862; Disability

Joshua Osborne, Pana, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

Hospital Stewards:

Joseph T. DeWatney, Decatur, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Reduced and returned to Company A

Samuel Dychus, Decatur, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Mustered out with Regiment September 27, 1864

Joseph P. Blackledge, Vermilion County, Ill.
July 3, 1861
Died at Murfreesboro, Tennessee July 3, 1863