Overview of the Six Volumes of the Survey
Volume I of the survey, headed by Elizabeth Beardsley Butler, examined the livelihood of Pittsburgh’s women workers. A 1905 graduate of Barnard College, Butler became a sociologist focusing on women and child laborers. In this volume of the study, she analyzed the working women, and her analysis pointed to the horrible living conditions at home and in the workplace. Ironically, while on this survey, Butler contracted tuberculosis, of which she died in 1911.
The Pittsburgh Survey, Volume II
The Pittsburgh Survey, Volume IV
Volume IV, produced by Margaret F. Byington, studied the actual lives of people in the Homestead Mill town. The first half of the study focused on the English speaking population of the town, and the second on the “slavs” as Byington referred to them. One of her most striking sections is titled “On $1.65 a day” and describes the livelihood of an entire family with only that amount to spend per day. Included are a number of wonderful photographs of the village itself.
These two volumes, compiled by Paul Kellogg, the head of the survey, were a collection of essays on the city. Complete with numerous photographs, both pieces fleshed out the remainder of the work, demonstrating the environmental effect of the steel industry as well as the overall image of the working man. Kellogg, an eminent social reformer, later headed the American Foreign Policy Association, and led an effort in 1915 alongside Henry Ford to end the First World War. He spent the remainder of his life trying to aid the underprivileged and tell their story as he had done in The Pittsburgh Survey.