Strikers and Militiamen.
THE perfection to which instantaneous photography has reached is shown
by the illustrations taken at Homestead by one of our staff. They represent
the strikers and the militiamen as they actually are, and not as they exist
in the imagination of an artist who has probably never been on the spot.
They are a valuable memento of one of the most striking incidents that
have yet occurred in the struggle all over the world between capital and
labor, and of an important event in the history of this country. They best
tell the story of the campaign.
How cleverly Gen. Snowden maneuvered troops under his command to Homestead,
we have already told. They landed at Munhall Station at the upper end of
the town, and not at the main station, as the strikers had expected. Munhall
Station is alongside of the Carnegie Mills, and only a few hundred feet
from the Monongahela River. As soon as the troops arrived there they marched
to the top of the long hill which overlooks the town, stacked their arms,
The soldiers occupy a very strong position at Munhall. They hold the
side and top of the hill known as the City Farm Heights, which rises at
a very sharp angle from the edge of Homestead. The Carnegie Steel Works
lie close to its base, and any part of the town could be reached in a straight
line by a cannon ball fired from its top.
Gen. Snowden established his division headquarters in the large Carnegie
school building on the crest of the hill, and called the encampment Camp
Sam Black, in honor of Captain Samuel Black, who fell in the Civil War,
while commanding the Sixty-second Pennsylvania Volunteers.
The forces encamped at Homestead are commanded by Gen. John A. Wiley.
The Fifth Regiment, Col. T. E. Burchenfield; Tenth, Col. A. L. Hawkins;
Fourteenth, Col. P. D. Perchment; Fifteenth, Col. William A. Kreps; Sixteenth,
Col. W. J. Hulings; Eighteenth, Col. Norman M. Smith; Battery B "
of Pittsburgh, Capt. A. E. Hunt; the Sheridan Troop of Tyrone, Capt. C.
S. W. Jones, and the City Troop of Philadelphia.
Another brigade, commanded by Gen. J. P. Gobin, consists of the Governor's
Troop of Harrisburg, Capt. Fred M. Ott; Battery "C," Capt Denithorne;
Fourth Regiment, Col. D. B. Case; Eighth, Col. Frank I. Magee; Ninth, Col.
M. I. Keck; Twelfth, Col. James Cozzel, and the Thirteenth, Col. E. H.
Another camp was established on the opposite shore of the Monongahela,
comprising the Tenth and Fourteenth Regiments of battery, and forming a
provisional brigade, under the command of Col. Hawkins of the Tenth.
Gen. Snowden practically placed Homestead under martial law, though
he did not officially declare it to be so. The police administration was
to all intents and purposes taken out of the citizens' hands, and provost
guards were stationed at every corner to see that disorder was suppressed,
and soldiers with fixed bayonets patrolled the streets.
It has hitherto been the custom for the Pennsylvania National Guard
to have no caterer when they are in camp. The result is that the men have
had to do their own cooking, and it was lucky for them, for when they reached
Homestead they found they would have had to go to bed on the cold, bare
ground, with empty stomachs, had they known nothing of the culinary art.
The above illustration furnishes an excellent picture of a camp kitchen.