Events of Pullman Strike

 
June 20, 1893 Workers founded the American Railway Union to unite railway labor in a single organization. Eugene Debs was the leader. 
Sept. 1893-May 1894 The Pullman Works reduced wages, on the average by 25 percent, while not lowering rents in company houses.Pullman.JPG (8712 bytes)
George Pullman
March, April 1894 Workers in Pullman’s Palace Car Company joined the American Railroad Union. 
May 7, 9 A committee of Pullman workers waited on management but received no concessions, either in the form of increased wages or lowered rents. 
May 10 Three of the committee were laid off, allegedly for lack of work. That evening Pullman workers voted to strike. 
May 11 Pullman works closed.lone man.JPG (12689 bytes)
June 9-26 The American Railway Union convened in Chicago, representing 465 local unions and a claimed membership of 15,000. 
June 15, 22 The Pullman Company refused to receive any communication from the American Railway Union or to permit five proposed arbitrators to determine whether there was anything to arbitrate. 
June 21 Delegates of ARU voted to stop handling Pullman cars on June 26th unless the Pullman Company agreed to arbitration. 
June 22 The Pullman Company met with General Managers’ Association and reached an agreement to resist the proposed boycott. 
June 26 The boycott and accompanying strikes began and spread rapidly as General Manager’s’ Association members discharged men who refused to switch passenger trains with Pullman cars. 
July 2 A Federal injunction was issued (served on July 3 and July 4). This injunction enjoined ARU leaders from "compelling or inducing by threats, intimidation, persuasion, force or violence, railway employees to refuse or fail to perform their duties."President Cleveland.JPG (7693 bytes)
President Grover Cleveland
July 3 Federal troops entered the dispute.train and troops.JPG (30966 bytes)
July 5, 6 Governor Altgeld of Illinois protested the use of Federal troops; President Cleveland responded. 
July 7 Debs and the other principal officers of the ARU were arrested, indicted, and held under $10,000 bail. 
July 12 An AFL meeting in Chicago refused to authorize sympathetic action. The ARU unsuccessfully offered to abandon the strike, provided that the workers were rehired without prejudice, except where convicted of crime.soldier with train.JPG (37542 bytes)
August 2 Pullman works reopened. Strike ended. Local leaders were not rehired. 
August 15 Hearings of the US Strike Commission began in Chicago.There were important reactions to the Pullman strike.
[We have adapted this timeline from The Pullman Boycott of 1894: The Problem of Federal Intervention, Coston E. Warne, ed. (Boston: D.C. Heath, 1955): v-vi}