San Marino

Population: 
31817000

The third smallest state in Europe (after the Holy See and Monaco), San Marino also claims to be the world's oldest republic. According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in A.D. 301. San Marino's foreign policy is aligned with that of the European Union, although it is not a member; social and political trends in the republic track closely with those of its larger neighbor, Italy.

Ethnicity: 
Sammarinese, Italian
Religion: 
Roman Catholic

Country information from the CIA World Factbook.