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States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively are

this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:

Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana (except the parishes of St. Bernard,

Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. John, St. Charles, St. James, Ascension,

Assumption, Terre Bonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and

Orleans, including the city of New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama,

Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Virginia

(except the forty-eight counties designated as West Virginia, and

also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth

City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth), and which excepted parts are, for the present,

left precisely as if this Proclamation were not issued.

And by virtue of the power and for the purpose aforesaid, I do

order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States and parts of States are, and henceforward shall be

free; and that the executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize

and maintain the freedom of said persons.

And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free, to

abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defense, and I

recommend to them that in all cases, when allowed, they labor

faithfully for reasonable wages.

And I further declare and make known that such persons of

suitable condition will be received into the armed service of the

United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places,

and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.

And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice,

warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke

the considerate judgment of mankind and the gracious favor of

Almighty God.

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my name, and caused

the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in

[ L. S.] the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and

sixty-three, and of the Independence of the United States

the eighty-seventh.

By the President: ABRAHAM LINCOLN.

William H. Seward,

Secretary of State.