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national navigation, it looks forward to the protection of a maritime

strength, to which itself is unequally adapted. The East, in like

intercourse with the West, already finds, and in the progressive

improvement of interior communications, by land and water, will

more and more find, a valuable vent for the commodities which it

brings from abroad or manufactures at home. The West derives

from the East supplies requisite to its growth and comfort, and,

what is perhaps of still greater consequence, it must of necessity

owe the secure enjoyment of indispensable outlets for its own productions to the weight, influence, and the future maritime strength

of the Atlantic side of the Union, directed by an indissoluble community of interests as one nation. Any other tenure by which the

West can hold this essential advantage, whether derived from its

own separate strength or from an apostate and unnatural connection with any foreign power, must be intrinsically precarious.

While, then, every part of our country thus feels an immediate

and particular interest in union, all the parts combined can not fail

to find, in the united mass of means and efforts, greater strength,

greater resource, proportionally greater security from external

danger, a less frequent interruption of their peace by foreign nations;

and, what is of inestimable value, they must derive from union an

exemption from those broils and wars between themselves which

so frequently afflict neighboring countries not tied together by the

same government, which their own rivalships alone would be sufficient to produce, but which opposite foreign alliances, attachments,

and intrigues, would stimulate and embitter. Hence, likewise,

they will avoid the necessity of those overgrown military establishments, which, under any form of government, are inauspicious to

liberty, and which are to be regarded as particularly hostile to

republican liberty. In this sense it is that your union ought to be

considered as a main prop of your liberty, and that the love of the

one ought to endear to you the preservation of the other.

These considerations speak a persuasive language to every reflecting and virtuous mind, and exhibit the continuance of the Union as

a primary object of patriotic desire. Is there a doubt whether a

common government can embrace so large a sphere? Let experience solve it. To listen to mere speculation in such a case were

criminal. We are authorized to hope that a proper organization

of the whole, with the auxiliary agency of governments for the