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in your minds the conviction of this truth; as this is the point

of your political fortress against which the batteries of internal

and external enemies will be most constantly and actively though often covertly and insidiously-directed, it is of infinite

moment that you should properly estimate the immense value

of your national union to your collective and individual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial, habitual, and immovable

attachment to it; accustoming yourselves to think and speak of

it as of the palladium of your political safety and prosperity,

watching for its preservation with jealous anxiety; discountenancing

whatever may suggest even a suspicion that it can in any event be

abandoned; and indignantly frowning upon the first dawning of

every attempt to alienate any portion of our country from the rest

or to enfeeble the sacred ties which now link together the various


For this you have every inducement of sympathy and interest.

Citizens, by birth or choice, of a common country, that country

has a right to concentrate your affections. The name of American,

which belongs to you in your national capacity, must always exalt

the just pride of patriotism more than any appellation derived from

local discriminations. With slight shades of difference, you have

the same religion, manners, habits, and political principles. You

have, in a common cause, fought and triumphed together; the

independence and liberty you possess are the work of joint councils

and joint efforts, of common dangers, sufferings, and successes.

But these considerations, however powerfully they address themselves to your sensibility, are greatly outweighed by those which

apply more immediately to your interest. Here every portion of

your country finds the most commanding motives for carefully

guarding and preserving the union of the whole.

The North, in an unrestrained intercourse with the South, protected by the laws of a common government, finds in the productions

of the latter great additional resources of maritime and commercial

enterprise and precious materials of manufacturing industry. The

South, in the same intercourse, benefiting by the agency of the

North, sees its agriculture grow and its commerce expand. Turning partly into its own channels the seamen of the North, it finds

its particular navigation invigorated; and while it contributes in

different ways to nourish and increase the general mass of the