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4136 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male

citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one

years of age in such State.

Section III.-No person shall be a Senator or Representative in

Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any

office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State,

who, having previously taken an oath as a member of Congress, or

as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support

the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the

enemies thereof. But Congress may, by a vote of two-thirds of

each house, remove such disability.

Section IV.-The validity of the public debt of the United States,

authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions

and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion,

shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any

State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of

insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for

the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations, and claims shall be held illegal and void.

Section V.-The Congress shall have power to enforce by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.

ARTICLE XV

Section I.-The right of citizens of the United States to vote

shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State

on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Section II.-The Congress shall have power to enforce the provisions of this article by appropriate legislation.

ARTICLE XVI

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes,

from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the

several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.

ARTICLE XVII

Section 1.-The Senate of the United States shall be composed

of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof,

for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors