Page 4134

4134 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

ARTICLE IX

The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not

be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

ARTICLE X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States

respectively or to the people.

ARTICLE XI

The judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to

extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted

against one of the United States by citizens of another State, or by

citizens or subjects of any foreign State.

ARTICLE XII

The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by

ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall

not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall

name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall

make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President and of all

persons voted for as Vice-President, and of the number of votes for

each; which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to

the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the

President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the

presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the

certificates and the votes shall then be counted. The person having

the greatest number of votes for President shall be the President, if

such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons

having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those

voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose

immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each

State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a

member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of

all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of

Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of

choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March