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No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to

be prescribed by law.


The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses,

papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures,

shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue but upon probable

cause, supported by oath or affirmation and particularly describing

the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


No person shall be held to answer for a capital or other

infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand

jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the

militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor

shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in

jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case

to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or

property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be

taken for public use without just compensation.


In all criminal prosecutions the accused shall enjoy the right to a

speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district

shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of

the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the

witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining

witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his



In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall

exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved,

and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any

court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.


Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed,

nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.