4132 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES
Maryland-James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel
Virginia-John Blair, James Madison, Jr.
North Carolina-William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh
South Carolina-John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney,
Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler.
Georgia-William Few, Abraham Baldwin.
Attest: William Jackson, Secretary.
[Editor's Note: The first ten of the amendments were declared in force
December 15, 1791.
XI.-Was declared in force January 8, 1798.
XII.-Regulating elections, was ratified by all the States except Connecticut,
Delaware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire, which rejected it. It was
declared in force September 28, 1804.
XIII.-The emancipation amendment was ratified by 31 of the 36 States;
rejected by Delaware and Kentucky, not acted on by Texas; conditionally ratified
by Alabama and Mississippi. Proclaimed December 18, 1865.
XIV.-Reconstruction amendment was ratified by 23 Northern States; rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and 10 Southern States, and not
acted on by California. The 10 Southern States subsequently ratified under
pressure. Proclaimed July 28, 186.8.
XV.-Negro citizenship amendment was not acted on by Tennessee, rejected
by California, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, and Oregon; ratified
by the remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 5,
1870. Proclaimed March 30, 1870.
XVI.-Income tax amendment was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah and Virginia. Declared
in force February 25, 1913.
XVII.-Providing for the direct vote for United States Senators by the people,
was ratified by all the States except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah
and Virginia. Declared in force May 31, 1913.]
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the
freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of
A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free
State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be