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Maryland-James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel


Virginia-John Blair, James Madison, Jr.

North Carolina-William Blount, Richard Dobbs Spaight, Hugh


South Carolina-John Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney,

Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler.

Georgia-William Few, Abraham Baldwin.

Attest: William Jackson, Secretary.


[Editor's Note: The first ten of the amendments were declared in force

December 15, 1791.

XI.-Was declared in force January 8, 1798.

XII.-Regulating elections, was ratified by all the States except Connecticut,

Delaware, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire, which rejected it. It was

declared in force September 28, 1804.

XIII.-The emancipation amendment was ratified by 31 of the 36 States;

rejected by Delaware and Kentucky, not acted on by Texas; conditionally ratified

by Alabama and Mississippi. Proclaimed December 18, 1865.

XIV.-Reconstruction amendment was ratified by 23 Northern States; rejected by Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, and 10 Southern States, and not

acted on by California. The 10 Southern States subsequently ratified under

pressure. Proclaimed July 28, 186.8.

XV.-Negro citizenship amendment was not acted on by Tennessee, rejected

by California, Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, New Jersey, and Oregon; ratified

by the remaining 30 States. New York rescinded its ratification January 5,

1870. Proclaimed March 30, 1870.

XVI.-Income tax amendment was ratified by all the States except Connecticut, Florida, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah and Virginia. Declared

in force February 25, 1913.

XVII.-Providing for the direct vote for United States Senators by the people,

was ratified by all the States except Alabama, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Utah

and Virginia. Declared in force May 31, 1913.]


Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the

freedom of speech or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of



A well-regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free

State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be