4131 HISTORIC DOCUMENTS
All debts contracted and engagements entered into, before the
adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United
States under this Constitution as under the confederation.
This Constitution, and the laws of the United States which shall
be made in pursuance thereof, and all treaties made, or which shall
be made, under the authority of the United States, shall be the
supreme law of the land; and the judges in every State shall be
bound thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any State to
the contrary notwithstanding.
The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the
members of the several State legislatures, and all executive and
judicial officers both of the United States and of the several States,
shall be bound by oath or affirmation to support this Constitution;
but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any
office or public trust under the United States.
The ratification of the conventions of nine States shall be sufficient for the establishment of this Constitution between the States
so ratifying the same.
Done in convention by the unanimous consent of the States
present, the seventeenth day of September, in the year of
our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and
of the independence of the United States of America the
twelfth. In witness whereof, we have hereunto subscribed
George Washington, President, and Deputy from Virginia.
New Hampshire-John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman.
Massachusetts-Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King.
Connecticut-William Samuel Johnson, Roger Sherman.
New York-Alexander Hamilton.
New Jersey-William Livingston, David Brearly, William Patterson, Jonathan Dayton.
Pennsylvania-Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robert Morris, '
George Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Ingersoll, James
Wilson, Gouverneur Morris.
Delaware-George Read, Gunning Bedford, Jr., John Dickinson,
Richard Bassett, Jacob Broom.