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4130 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

shall, on demand of the executive authority of the State from which

he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime.

No person held to service or labor in one State, under the laws

thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or

regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labor, but

shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service

or labor may be due.

Section III.-New States may be admitted by the Congress into

this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the

jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the

junction of two or more States or parts of States, without the consent

of the legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have power to dispose of and make all needful

rules and regulations respecting the territory or other property

belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution

shall be so construed as to prejudice any claims of the United States

or of any particular State.

Section IV.-The United States shall guarantee to every State in

this Union a republican form of government, and shall protect each

of them against invasion, and on application of the legislature, or of

the executive (when the legislature cannot be convened), against

domestic violence.

ARTICLE V

The Congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it

necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the

application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the several States,

shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which in either

case shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the

several States, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one

or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress,

provided that no amendments which may be made prior to the year

one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the

first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and

that no State, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal

suffrage in the Senate.