4128 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES
relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have
power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United
States, except in cases of impeachment.
He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present
concur; and he shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers
and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of
the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but the Congress
may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they
think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the
heads of departments.
The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may
happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions
which shall expire at the end of their next session.
Section III.-He shall from time to time give to the Congress
information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient;
he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both houses, or either
of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to
the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he
shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public
ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed,
and shall commission all the officers of the United States.
Section IV.-The President, Vice-President, and all civil officers
of the United States shall be removed from office on impeachment
for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and
Section I-The judicial power of the United States shall be
vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the
Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges,
both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices
during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their
services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their
continuance in office.
Section II.-The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law
and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United