Page 4128

4128 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

relating to the duties of their respective offices, and he shall have

power to grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United

States, except in cases of impeachment.

He shall have power, by and with the advice and consent of the

Senate, to make treaties, provided two-thirds of the Senators present

concur; and he shall nominate, and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers

and consuls, judges of the Supreme Court, and all other officers of

the United States, whose appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by law; but the Congress

may by law vest the appointment of such inferior officers, as they

think proper, in the President alone, in the courts of law, or in the

heads of departments.

The President shall have power to fill up all vacancies that may

happen during the recess of the Senate, by granting commissions

which shall expire at the end of their next session.

Section III.-He shall from time to time give to the Congress

information of the state of the Union, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient;

he may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both houses, or either

of them, and in case of disagreement between them with respect to

the time of adjournment, he may adjourn them to such time as he

shall think proper; he shall receive ambassadors and other public

ministers; he shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed,

and shall commission all the officers of the United States.

Section IV.-The President, Vice-President, and all civil officers

of the United States shall be removed from office on impeachment

for and conviction of treason, bribery, or other high crimes and

misdemeanors.

ARTICLE III

Section I-The judicial power of the United States shall be

vested in one Supreme Court, and in such inferior courts as the

Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The judges,

both of the supreme and inferior courts, shall hold their offices

during good behavior, and shall, at stated times, receive for their

services a compensation which shall not be diminished during their

continuance in office.

Section II.-The judicial power shall extend to all cases, in law

and equity, arising under this Constitution, the laws of the United