Page 4126

4126 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely

necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce of

all duties and imposts, laid by any State on imports or exports,

shall be for the use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such

laws shall be subject to the revision and control of the Congress.

No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty of

tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any

agreement or compact with another State or with a foreign power,

or engage in war, unless actually invaded or in such imminent

danger as will not admit of delay.

ARTICLE II

Section 1.-The executive power shall be vested in a President of

the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the

term of four years, and together with the Vice-President, chosen for

the same term, be elected as follows:

Each State shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature

thereof may direct, a number of electors, equal to the whole number

of Senators and Representatives, to which the State may be entitled

in the Congress; but no Senator or Representative, or person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States, shall be

appointed an elector.

[The electors shall meet in their respective States and vote by

ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a list

of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each;

which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the

seat of government of the United States, directed to the President

of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the presence

of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates,

and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the greatest

number of votes shall be the President, if such number be a majority

of the whole number of electors appointed; and if there be more

than one who have such majority, and have an equal number of votes,

then the House of Representatives shall immediately choose by

ballot one of them for President; and if no person have a majority,

then from the five highest on the list the said House shall in like

manner choose the President. But in choosing the President the

votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State