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all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the State in

which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals,

dockyards, and other needful buildings; and

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying

into execution the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by

this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any

department or officer thereof.

Section IX.-The migration or importation of such persons as

any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit shall not

be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight

hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended,

unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may

require it.

No bill of attainder or ex post facto law shall be passed.

No capitation or other direct tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration hereinbefore directed to be taken.

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any State.

No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or

revenue to the ports of one State over those of another; nor shall

vessels bound to or from one State be obliged to enter, clear, or pay

duties in another.

No money shall be drawn from the Treasury but in consequence

of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account

of the receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States; and

no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument,

office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign State.

Section X.-No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit

bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in

payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex post facto law, or

law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of


No State shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any imposts