4122 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES
pro tempore in the absence of the Vice-President, or when he shall
exercise the office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments.
When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation.
When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice
shall preside: and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.
Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than
to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any
office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States; but the
party convicted shall, nevertheless, be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment, and punishment, according to law.
Section IV.-The times, places, and manner of holding elections
for Senators and Representatives shall be prescribed in each State
by the legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by law
make or alter such regulations, except as to the places of choosing
The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such
meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they
shall by law appoint a different day.
Section V.-Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members, and a majority of each
shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may
adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the
attendance of absent members, in such manner, and under such
penalties, as each house may provide.
Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish
its members for disorderly behavior, and with the concurrence of
two-thirds, expel a member.
Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and from time
to time publish the same, excepting such parts as may in their judgment require secrecy, and the yeas and nays of the members of
either house on any question shall, at the desire of one-fifth of those
present, be entered on the journal.
Neither house, during the session of Congress, shall, without the
consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any
other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.
Section VI.-The Senators and Representatives shall receive a
compensation for their services, to be ascertained by law and paid