Page 4121

4121 HISTORIC DOCUMENTS

to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to

the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service

for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of

all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within

three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United

States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such

manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives

shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall

have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall

be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose

three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantation

one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania

eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five,

South Carolina five, and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, the

executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such

vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and

other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

Section III.-The Senate of the United States shall be composed

of two Senators from each State, chosen by the legislature thereof,

for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the

first election, they shall be divided as equally as maybe into three

classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated

at the expiration of the second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class, at the expiration of

the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year;

and if vacancies happen by resignation or otherwise during the

recess of the legislature of any State, the executive thereof may

make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.

No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the

age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United

States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that

State for which he shall be chosen. .

The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of

the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President