4121 HISTORIC DOCUMENTS
to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to
the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service
for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three-fifths of
all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within
three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United
States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such
manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives
shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each State shall
have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall
be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to choose
three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantation
one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania
eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five,
South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the representation from any State, the
executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such
The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker and
other officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment.
Section III.-The Senate of the United States shall be composed
of two Senators from each State, chosen by the legislature thereof,
for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote.
Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of the
first election, they shall be divided as equally as maybe into three
classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated
at the expiration of the second year; of the second class, at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class, at the expiration of
the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year;
and if vacancies happen by resignation or otherwise during the
recess of the legislature of any State, the executive thereof may
make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.
No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the
age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United
States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that
State for which he shall be chosen. .
The Vice-President of the United States shall be President of
the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President