Page 4115

4115 HISTORIC DOCUMENTS

respective States; fixing the standard of weights and measures

throughout the United States; regulating the trade, and managing

all affairs with the Indians, not members of any of the States; provided, that the legislative right of any State, within its own limits,

be not infringed or violated; establishing and regulating post offices

from one State to another throughout all the United States, and

exacting such postage on the papers passing through the same, as

may be requisite to defray the expenses of the said office; appointing

all officers of the land forces in the service of the United States,

excepting regimental officers; appointing all the officers of the naval

forces, and commissioning all officers whatever in the service of

the United States; making rules for the government and regulation

of the said land and naval forces, and directing their operations.

Sec. 5.-The United States in Congress assembled shall have

authority to appoint a committee to sit in the recess of Congress,

to be denominated, "A Committee of the States," and to consist of

one delegate from each State; and to appoint such other committees

and civil officers as may be necessary for managing the general

affairs of the United States under their direction; to appoint one of

their number to preside; provided, that no person be allowed to

serve in the office of president more than one year in any term of

three years; to ascertain the necessary sums of money to be raised

for the service of the United States, and to appropriate and apply

the same for defraying the public expenses; to borrow money or

emit bills on the credit of the United States, transmitting every

half-year to the respective States an account of the sums of money

so borrowed or emitted; to build and equip a navy; to agree upon

the number of land forces, and to make requisitions from each State

for its quota, in proportion to the number of white inhabitants in

such State, which requisition shall be binding; and thereupon the

legislature of each State shall appoint the regimental officers, raise

the men, clothe, arm, and equip them, in a soldier-like manner, at

the expense of the United States; and the officers and men so clothed,

armed, and equipped, shall march to the place appointed, and within

the time agreed on by the United States in Congress assembled,

but if the United States in Congress assembled shall, on consideration of circumstances, judge proper that any State should not raise

men, or should raise a smaller number than its quota, and that any

other State should raise a greater number of men than the quota