Page 4114

4114 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

petitioners beginning, until the number shall be reduced to thirteen;

and from that number not less than seven, nor more than nine

names, as Congress shall direct, shall, in the presence of Congress,

be drawn out by lot; and the persons whose names shall be so drawn,

or any five of them, shall be commissioners or judges to hear and

finally determine the controversy, so always as a major part of the

judges, who shall hear the cause, shall agree in the determination:

and if either party shall neglect to attend at the day appointed,

without showing reasons which Congress shall judge sufficient, or

being present, shall refuse to strike, the Congress shall proceed to

nominate three persons out of each State, and the secretary of Congress shall strike in behalf of such party absent or refusing; and

the judgment and sentence of the court, to be appointed in the manner before prescribed, shall be final and conclusive; and if any of

the parties shall refuse to submit to the authority of such court, or

to appear or defend their claim or cause, the court shall nevertheless

proceed to pronounce sentence, or judgment, which shall in like

manner be final and decisive; the judgment or sentence and other

proceedings being in either case transmitted to Congress, and lodged

among the acts of Congress, for the security of the parties concerned: provided, that every commissioner, before he sits in judgment, shall take an oath, to be administered by one of the judges

of the supreme or superior court of the State where the cause shall

be tried, well and truly to hear and determine the matter in question, according to the best of his judgment, without favor, affection,

or hope of reward." Provided, also, that no State shall be deprived

of territory for the benefit of the United States.

Sec. 3.-All controversies concerning the private right of soil

claimed under different grants of two or more States, whose jurisdiction, as they may respect such lands, and the States which passed

such grants are adjusted, the said grants or either of them being

at the same time claimed to have originated antecedent to such

settlement of jurisdiction, shall, on the petition of either party to

the Congress of the United States, be finally determined, as near as

may be, in the same manner as is before prescribed, for deciding

disputes respecting territorial jurisdiction between different States.

Sec. 4.-The United States in Congress assembled shall also

have the sole and exclusive right and power of regulating the alloy

and value of coin struck by their own authority, or by that of the