Page 4112

4112 HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES

judgement of the United States in Congress assembled, shall be deemed

requisite to garrison the forts necessary for the defense of such State;

but every State shall always keep up a well-regulated and disciplined militia, sufficiently armed and accoutred, and shall provide

and constantly have ready for use, in public stores, a due number of

field-pieces and tents, and a proper quantity of arms, ammunition,

and camp equipage.

Sec. 5.-No State shall engage in any war without the consent of

the United States in Congress assembled, unless such State be

actually invaded by enemies, or shall have received certain advice

of a resolution being formed by some nation of Indians to invade

such State, and the danger is so imminent as not to admit of delay

till the United States in Congress assembled can be consulted, nor

shall any State grant commissions to any ships or vessels of war,

nor letters of marque or reprisal, except it be after a declaration of

war by the United States in Congress assembled, and then only

against the kingdom or State, and the subjects thereof, against

which war has been so declared, and under such regulations as

shall be established by the United States in Congress assembled,

unless such State be infested by pirates, in which case vessels of war

may be fitted out for that occasion, and kept so long as the danger

shall continue, or until the United States in Congress assembled

shall determine otherwise.

ARTICLE VII

When land forces are raised by any State for the common defense,

all officers of or under the rank of colonel, shall be appointed by the

legislature of each State respectively by whom such forces shall be

raised, or in such manner as such State shall direct, and all vacancies

shall be filled up by the State which first made the appointment.

ARTICLE VIII

All charges of war, and all other expenses that shall be incurred

for the common defense or general welfare, and allowed by the

United States in Congress assembled, shall be defrayed out of a

common treasury, which shall be supplied by the several States, in

proportion to the value of all land within each State, granted to or

surveyed for any person, as such land and the buildings and improvements thereon shall be estimated, according to such mode as

the United States in Congress assembled shall, from time to time,