4092 CHRONOLOGY OF THE GREAT WAR
Aug. 9.-Italians capture Goritzia. Zeppelins raid the east coast of England, causing
Aug. 10.-Russians are forced to retreat
in Persia. Stanislau is captured by the
Aug. 15.-Allied forces close in on German
Aug. 16.-French make brilliant advances
on the Somme front. Germany claims
that seventy-four merchantmen were sunk
by submarines during July.
Aug. 17.-General Ruzsky is appointed
commander-in-chief of the northern armies
Aug. 19.-British cruisers Nottingham and
Falmouth sunk by German submarines in
Aug. 24.-French and British troops make
further gains on Somme front.
Aug. 28.-Roumania declares war on Austria-Hungary.
Aug. 29.-Roumanian army begins invasion
of Transylvania in two directions.
Aug. 30.-Field-Marshal von Hindenburg
succeeds General von Falkenhayn as
Chief of the General Staff of the German
Sept. 1.-Italians in Albania and Serbians
in Macedonia begin offensives against
Bulgarians. Greek army joins rebellion
Sept. 2.-French fleet captures seven Teuton
merchant vessels in the Greek harbor of
Sept. 3.-Dar es Salam, German East Africa,
taken by British forces. Zeppelins raid
London. Roumanians capture six towns
Sept. 4.-Allies' secret police arrest German
propagandists in Athens. Teutonic allies
under von Mackensen invade Dobrudja,
a Roumanian province.
Sept. 5.-Russians claim to have captured
20,000 Austrians in two weeks.
Sept. 10.-Von Mackensen takes Silistria.
Sept. 15.-Lloyd George, British War Minister, denies misuse of mail to obtain
American trade secrets.
Sept. 17.-Serbians defeat Bulgarians at
Kaimakcalan. German Admiralty issues
statement that "126 hostile merchant
ships totaling 170,679 tons and 35 neutral
vessels totaling 38,568 tons, were destroyed by submarines during August."
Sept. 18.-Austrians aided by Turkish
troops force Russians to retreat.
Sept. 19.-Roumanians are defeated by
Germans at Szurduk Pass and retreat
Sept. 21.-Revolution headed by ex-Premier
Venizelos, breaks out in Crete.
Sept. 23.-Italians advance on Trentino
Sept. 25.-British advance on Combles and
take three towns. Zeppelins, in raid on
English coast, kill 36 and wound 26 non-combatants.
Sept. 26.-Allies capture Combles and
Thiepval. Turks drive Russians back 22
miles in Persia.
Sept. 30.-Roumanians in Transylvania are
forced to retreat. British losses for September are 111,549 officers and men.
Oct. 1.-Zeppelin shot down near London.
Oct. 2.-Roumanian troops cross into Bulgaria.
Oct. 5.-Cunard liner Franconia is torpedoed
in the Mediterranean.
Oct. 7.--British capture five Bulgarian villages. German submarine U-53 arrives
at Newport, R .I.
Oct. 8.-Six vessels torpedoed off Nantucket
Island by submarine U-53. Austro-Germans retake Kronstadt.
Oct. 9.-Two U-boats sunk off Archangel by
Russian torpedo-boat. .
Oct. 12.-Italians claim to have taken
30,881 prisoners since August 6. French
press toward Morval.
Oct. 13.-Von Falkenhayn's forces recapture
all of Transylvania recently occupied by
the Roumanians. Italians force Austrians
to retire on Carso front.
Oct. 16.-Allies recognize provisional government set up by ex-Premier Venizelos
on Island of Crete. Teutons begin offensive in the Carpathians.