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4078 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

as they consider necessary for the maintenance of right and justice.

If the dispute between the parties is

claimed by one of them, and is found by

the Council to arise out of a matter which

by international law is solely within the

domestic jurisdiction of that party, the

Council shall so report and shall make no

recommendations as to its settlement.

The Council may in any case under this

article refer the dispute to the Assembly.

The dispute shall be so referred at the request of either party to the dispute, provided that such request be made within

fourteen days after the submission of the

dispute to the Council.

In any case referred to the Assembly all

the provisions of this article and of Article

XII, relating to the action and powers of

the Council, shall apply to the action and

powers of the Assembly, provided that a

report made by the Assembly, if concurred

in by the representatives of those members

of the League represented on the Council

and of the majority of the other members of

the League, exclusive in each case of the

representatives of the parties to the dispute,

shall have the same force as a report by the

Council concurred in by all the members

thereof other than the representatives of one

or more of the parties to the dispute.

ARTICLE XVI.

Should any member of the League resort

to war in disregard of its covenants under

Articles XII, XIII, or XV, it shall ipso

facto be deemed to have committed an act

of war against all other members of the

League, which hereby undertake immediately to subject it to the severance of all

trade or financial relations, the prohibition

of all intercourse between their nationals

and the nationals of the covenant-breaking

State, and the prevention of all financial,

commercial, or personal intercourse between

the nationals of the covenant-breaking

State and the nationals of any other State,

whether a member of the League or not.

It shall be the duty of the Council in

such case to recommend to the several Governments concerned what effective military

or naval forces the members of the League

shall severally contribute to the armaments

or forces to be used to protect the covenants

of the League.

The members of the League agree,

further, that they will mutually support one

another in the financial and economic

measures which are taken under this article,

in order to minimize the loss and inconvenience resulting from the above measures,

and that they will mutually support one

another in resisting any special measures

aimed at one of their number by the covenant-breaking State, and that they will

take the necessary steps to afford passage

through their territory to the forces of any

of the members of the League which are

cooperating to protect the covenants of the

League.

Any member of the League which has

violated any covenant of the League may

be declared to be no longer a member of the

League by a vote of the Council concurred

in by the representatives of all the other

members of the League represented thereon.

ARTICLE XVII.

In the event of a dispute between a member of the League and a State which is not

a member of the League, or between States

not members of the League, the State or

States not members of the League shall be

invited to accept the obligations of membership in the League for the purpose of such

dispute, upon such conditions as the Council may deem just. If such invitation is accepted, the provisions of Articles XII to

XVI, inclusive, shall be applied with such

modifications as may be deemed necessary

by the Council.

Upon such invitation being given, the

Council shall immediately institute an inquiry into the circumstances of the dispute

and recommend such action as may seem

best and most effectual in the circumstances.

If a State so invited shall refuse to accept the obligations of membership in the

League for the purposes of such dispute, and

shall resort to war against a member of the

League, the provisions of Article XVI shall

be applicable as against the State taking

such action.

If both parties to the dispute, when so