4078 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.
as they consider necessary for the maintenance of right and justice.
If the dispute between the parties is
claimed by one of them, and is found by
the Council to arise out of a matter which
by international law is solely within the
domestic jurisdiction of that party, the
Council shall so report and shall make no
recommendations as to its settlement.
The Council may in any case under this
article refer the dispute to the Assembly.
The dispute shall be so referred at the request of either party to the dispute, provided that such request be made within
fourteen days after the submission of the
dispute to the Council.
In any case referred to the Assembly all
the provisions of this article and of Article
XII, relating to the action and powers of
the Council, shall apply to the action and
powers of the Assembly, provided that a
report made by the Assembly, if concurred
in by the representatives of those members
of the League represented on the Council
and of the majority of the other members of
the League, exclusive in each case of the
representatives of the parties to the dispute,
shall have the same force as a report by the
Council concurred in by all the members
thereof other than the representatives of one
or more of the parties to the dispute.
Should any member of the League resort
to war in disregard of its covenants under
Articles XII, XIII, or XV, it shall ipso
facto be deemed to have committed an act
of war against all other members of the
League, which hereby undertake immediately to subject it to the severance of all
trade or financial relations, the prohibition
of all intercourse between their nationals
and the nationals of the covenant-breaking
State, and the prevention of all financial,
commercial, or personal intercourse between
the nationals of the covenant-breaking
State and the nationals of any other State,
whether a member of the League or not.
It shall be the duty of the Council in
such case to recommend to the several Governments concerned what effective military
or naval forces the members of the League
shall severally contribute to the armaments
or forces to be used to protect the covenants
of the League.
The members of the League agree,
further, that they will mutually support one
another in the financial and economic
measures which are taken under this article,
in order to minimize the loss and inconvenience resulting from the above measures,
and that they will mutually support one
another in resisting any special measures
aimed at one of their number by the covenant-breaking State, and that they will
take the necessary steps to afford passage
through their territory to the forces of any
of the members of the League which are
cooperating to protect the covenants of the
Any member of the League which has
violated any covenant of the League may
be declared to be no longer a member of the
League by a vote of the Council concurred
in by the representatives of all the other
members of the League represented thereon.
In the event of a dispute between a member of the League and a State which is not
a member of the League, or between States
not members of the League, the State or
States not members of the League shall be
invited to accept the obligations of membership in the League for the purpose of such
dispute, upon such conditions as the Council may deem just. If such invitation is accepted, the provisions of Articles XII to
XVI, inclusive, shall be applied with such
modifications as may be deemed necessary
by the Council.
Upon such invitation being given, the
Council shall immediately institute an inquiry into the circumstances of the dispute
and recommend such action as may seem
best and most effectual in the circumstances.
If a State so invited shall refuse to accept the obligations of membership in the
League for the purposes of such dispute, and
shall resort to war against a member of the
League, the provisions of Article XVI shall
be applicable as against the State taking
If both parties to the dispute, when so