4073 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS.
In order to promote international cooperation and to achieve international peace
and security by the acceptance of obligations not to resort to war, by the prescription of open, just, and honorable relations
between nations, by the firm establishment
of the understandings of international law
as the actual rule of conduct among Governments, and by the maintenance of justice
and a scrupulous respect for all treaty obligations in the dealings of organized peoples
with one another, the high contracting
parties agree to this covenant of the League
The original members of the League of
Nations shall be those of the signatories
which are named in the annex to this covenant and also such of those other States
named in the annex as shall accede without
reservation to this covenant. Such accessions shall be effected by a declaration deposited with the Secretariat within two
months of the coming into force of the covenant. Notice thereof shall be sent to all
other members of the League.
Any fully self-governing State, dominion,
or colony not named in the annex may become a member of the League if its admission is agreed to by two-thirds of the
Assembly, provided that it shall give effective guarantees of. its sincere intention to
observe its international obligations, and
shall accept such regulations as may be
prescribed by the League in regard to its
military, naval, and air forces and armaments.
Any member of the League may, after
two years notice of its intention so to do,
withdraw from the League, provided that
all its international obligations and all its
obligations under this covenant shall have
been fulfilled at the time of its withdrawal.
The action of the League under this covenant shall be effected through the instrumentality of an Assembly and of a Council
with a permanent Secretariat.
The Assembly shall consist of representatives of the members of the League.
The Assembly shall meet at stated intervals and from time to time, as occasion may
require, at the seat of the League, or at
such other place as maybe decided upon.
The Assembly may deal at its meetings
with any matter within the sphere of action
of the League or affecting the peace of the
At meetings of the Assembly each member of the League shall have one vote, and
may have not more than three representatives.
The Council shall consist of representatives of the United States of America, of the
British Empire, of France, of Italy, and of
Japan, together with representatives of
four other members of the League. These
four members of the League shall be selected by the Assembly from time to time
in its discretion. Until the appointment of
the representatives of the four members of
the League first selected by the Assembly,
representatives of (blank) shall be members
of the Council.
With the approval of the majority of the
Assembly, the Council may name additional
members of the League, whose representatives shall always be members of the Council; the Counccil with like approval may increase the number of members of the League
to be selected by the Assembly for representation to the Council.
The Council shall meet from time to
time as occasion may require, and at least