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4066P THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-RECONSTRUCT ION PERIOD.

and unhappy, hated all her neighbors, while

in June a sudden uprising of bourgeois

place hunters and military men resulted in

the overthrow of the Stambuliski government. Premier Stambuliski himself escaped for a time, but was ultimately overtaken and was shot to death. Greece,

exhausted, economically demoralized, and

disillusioned, with the heavy burden of

caring for a million refugees, has temporarily had to give up her dream of empire,

but the dream will doubtless persist, and

when Greece has recuperated, she may

once more try to raise the cross over the

dome of St. Sophia. As for Turkey, her

apologists make much of her pretense of

reforms, but the fact is that these reforms

must be carried out "by men trained only in

the usages of despotism and steeped in

traditions of corruption, backsheesh, and

congenital procrastination." The leopard

cannot change his spots, neither is it likely

that the Turk can change his ways.

Of all the countries in the world Italy

and Japan seem to be most subject to

earthquake disturbances. It is said that

during the last half century there have

been about 28,000 recorded earthquakes in

each country. Said a Japanese writer:

"From time immemorial the Japanese

lived and died, toiled and played, reared

palaces and built homes upon what was

naught but volcanic ridges caused by the

wrinkling of the earth in the process of

gradual cooling and consequent heaving of

the globe. . . . According to Japanese

seismologists Japan has had in the past one

severe earthquake every six years. As for

minor shocks, they are so numerous that

we can hardly believe the report of the

scientist. . . . The average yearly number of earthquakes in Japan is at least 1,460,

not including those noticeable only on delicate seismographs. The Japanese know,

as certainly as they know that night follows

day, that every ten or twenty years a great