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4066E THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-RECONSTRUCT I ON PERIOD.

office were heavy, the actual labor

connected with it was less than now falls

to the lot of the mayors of some American

cities. But as the Republic increased in

size and population the President's duties

became more and more multifarious and

arduous until the incumbent of the office,

if he really performed all the tasks that

fell to him, was little better than a slave to

his position.

It is clear that the burdens of the place

have now become so great that only a man

who is strong both mentally and physically

can hope to bear up under them. The

unusual success of Theodore Roosevelt as

President was in no small measure due to

his abounding physical vitality. This,

joined with his habits of industry and

ability quickly to grasp a problem, enabled

him to clear his desk of business each day.

He was thereby able to deal with most

situations before they became really acute;

to act in accordance with one of his favorite

maxims that "Nine parts of wisdom is being

wise in time." Furthermore, he had

breathing space in which to take the long

look ahead. His forehandedness was, in

fact, astonishing. Toward the end of his

presidency, amid all the duties of his office,

he found time to write the addresses he was

to give before certain European universities

more than a year later after his return from

his African hunting trip. Some other

Presidents have been much less successful

in such matters. His successor, for example,

was usually far behind with his business,

and at the end of his term confessed that

procrastination had been one of his worst

enemies.

Not only should a President be physically

strong but he should keep himself physically

fit by taking sufficient bodily exercise.

President Roosevelt did this by riding on

horseback, by taking long walks about