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iv

CONTENTS OF VOLUME IX.

Frank Luke.-American Seaplane crosses the Atlantic.

-Hawker and Grieve's Attempt.-Alcock and Brown

cross from Newfoundland to Ireland.-Dirigible crosses

and recrosses the Atlantic.-Democratic Spirit strengthened by the War. importance of Artillery.-Training

of Officers.-Number of Americans carried to Europe.-America's War Effort.-Vast Expenditures.-Rifles,

Machine Guns, and Aeroplanes.-Poison Gas Production.-American Losses.-Britain's War Effort.-Case

of the Llandovery Castle.-Of the Belgian Prince.-Losses from Submarine Sinkings.-North Sea Mine

Barrage.-The Paravene.-American Merchant Vessels

sunk.-Incredible Experiences.-Surgical Wonders.-Harry Lauder.-Spurlos Versenkt Incident.-Fate of

the Breslau and Goeben.-Deportation of Women and

Girls by the Germans.-Exactions from "Belgium,

3929-3979

CHAPTER CLXXXVIII-THE PEACE CONFERENCE AND THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS.

Congressional Election in the United States.-Wilson's Appeal.-Republican Victory.-Death of Theodore Roosevelt.-Kipling's Tribute.-Prohibition.-British Election.-Conditions in Ireland.-Ebert succeeds Prince Maximilian as Chancellor.-The Spartacans.-Their Uprising put down.-Murder of Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg.-Eisner slain in Bavaria.-New Spartacan Outbreaks in Berlin. German Elections.-National Assembly meets at Weimar.-President Wilson goes to Europe.-Reception Abroad.-Preliminaries of the Peace Conference arranged. Opening of the Conference.-Its Problems.-The League

of Nations.-Summary of the Covenant.-Origin of

the Idea.-Conflict over Fiume.-The Shantung Question.-Attempt to assassinate Clemenceau.-Wilson

returns Home.-Conflicting Views on the League of

Nations.-Changes in the Covenant.-Germans receive the Treaty.-Further Negotiations.-Terms of the

Treaty.-The Pledge to France.-The Treaty signed. German Opinion of the Treaty. New Wars.-Neutral

Views of the Treaty.-Sinking of the German Ships at

Scapa Flow.-Bolshevism.-The Austrian Treaty.-Conflict in America over the League of Nations.-Wilson's Speech-making Tour.-His Illness.-Dismisses

Lansing.-Senate adopts Reservations and then rejects

the Treaty.-Treaty again defeated in the Regular

Session.-Party Dissensions over the League of Nations.

-Senate rejects Mandate for Armenia.-Disturbed

Economic Conditions.-Contests for the Presidential

Nominations.-Republicans nominate Harding and

Coolidge.-Democrats name Cox and Franklin Roosevelt.-Issues of the Campaign.-Overwhelming Republican Victory.-Mexican Affairs.-Demand for German

War Criminals.-Holland refuses to surrender the Ex Kaiser.-A Junker Revolt.-A New Red Uprising.-German Attempts to evade Terms of the Treaty.-Turkish Peace Treaty.-War Continued.-Hectic Conditions in Europe.-Sinn Fein Agitation.-Changes in

French Government.-Bolshevists master most of Russia.-Invade Poland.-A Great Polish Victory.-Wrangel beaten in South Russia.-Bolshevism Still a

Peril. ................ .3979-4033

COVENANT OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS.

APPENDIX .............. 4034-4042

Vol. IX