Page 3816

3816 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

south-western front. In the direction of

Sloczow, after two days' artillery preparation,

our troops broke through the enemy's positions, taking 170 officers and 10,000 men

prisoner, and capturing cannon and machine

guns. I thank Thee, O Lord! God has sent

us this in a good hour. I feel myself quite

different after this joyful message."

On the 27th, however, he wrote: "Since the

last few days there has been bad news from

the southwest front. After our offensive at

Halisz, many divisions which were completely soaked with the humiliating defeatist

teaching did not carry out the command to

attack, but withdrew without any pressure

from the enemy at some positions. The

Germans and Austrians have made use of

this, for them, favorable state of affairs, and

carried out with great force a break-through

in Southern Galicia, which may force the

whole of the Galician Front to retreat east.

Simply weakness and doubt. To-day at

least the Provisional Government has declared that in the theater of war capital

punishment shall be restored for treachery.

If only this measure has not come too late!

Worked again, felled three trees, sawed up

two. Began quietly to pack books and

things."

The dethroned Czar and all his family met

a tragic fate. They were imprisoned at

Katerinburg in the Urals. In the

middle of July, the local Soviet became

convinced that because of the advance

of Siberian troops and Czechoslovaks,

the city could not be held by the undisciplined Red Guards and began to

remove arms and supplies from the city

in great haste. Presently it spread the

rumor that the Siberian troops were

endeavoring to rescue the Romanoffs

in order to restore them to power.

The Red garrison became greatly

excited and demanded the execution

of the Czar and his whole family and

all who shared their captivity. On

July 16, a meeting of the Workers'

and Soldiers' Council was held which

lasted until one o'clock in the morning.

At these deliberations the fate of

the Czar and his family was sealed.

Sentence was pronounced against them

and was signed by all the members,

whereupon they hastened to the house

of an engineer named Ignatieff, where

the Czar and his company resided, to

carry out the sentence. A detachment

of Red Guards undertook the bloody

work. They did not even ask to see

the written order of sentence, but

hastened with a loud hurrah and with

clattering arms toward the bedroom of

the Czar and his family. When the Czar and

Czarina heard the noise, they knew that

their doom was sealed and hastily put on

their garments. The Czar himself dressed

the Czarevitch, who was ill, in his military

uniform, then all knelt to pray. The young

Grand Duchesses clasped each other in their

arms in their terror, and the Czarevitch,

bursting into tears, tried to stand but fell.

The Czar stopped praying to take his son in

his arms. The Czarina continued in prayer.