3816 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
south-western front. In the direction of
Sloczow, after two days' artillery preparation,
our troops broke through the enemy's positions, taking 170 officers and 10,000 men
prisoner, and capturing cannon and machine
guns. I thank Thee, O Lord! God has sent
us this in a good hour. I feel myself quite
different after this joyful message."
On the 27th, however, he wrote: "Since the
last few days there has been bad news from
the southwest front. After our offensive at
Halisz, many divisions which were completely soaked with the humiliating defeatist
teaching did not carry out the command to
attack, but withdrew without any pressure
from the enemy at some positions. The
Germans and Austrians have made use of
this, for them, favorable state of affairs, and
carried out with great force a break-through
in Southern Galicia, which may force the
whole of the Galician Front to retreat east.
Simply weakness and doubt. To-day at
least the Provisional Government has declared that in the theater of war capital
punishment shall be restored for treachery.
If only this measure has not come too late!
Worked again, felled three trees, sawed up
two. Began quietly to pack books and
The dethroned Czar and all his family met
a tragic fate. They were imprisoned at
Katerinburg in the Urals. In the
middle of July, the local Soviet became
convinced that because of the advance
of Siberian troops and Czechoslovaks,
the city could not be held by the undisciplined Red Guards and began to
remove arms and supplies from the city
in great haste. Presently it spread the
rumor that the Siberian troops were
endeavoring to rescue the Romanoffs
in order to restore them to power.
The Red garrison became greatly
excited and demanded the execution
of the Czar and his whole family and
all who shared their captivity. On
July 16, a meeting of the Workers'
and Soldiers' Council was held which
lasted until one o'clock in the morning.
At these deliberations the fate of
the Czar and his family was sealed.
Sentence was pronounced against them
and was signed by all the members,
whereupon they hastened to the house
of an engineer named Ignatieff, where
the Czar and his company resided, to
carry out the sentence. A detachment
of Red Guards undertook the bloody
work. They did not even ask to see
the written order of sentence, but
hastened with a loud hurrah and with
clattering arms toward the bedroom of
the Czar and his family. When the Czar and
Czarina heard the noise, they knew that
their doom was sealed and hastily put on
their garments. The Czar himself dressed
the Czarevitch, who was ill, in his military
uniform, then all knelt to pray. The young
Grand Duchesses clasped each other in their
arms in their terror, and the Czarevitch,
bursting into tears, tried to stand but fell.
The Czar stopped praying to take his son in
his arms. The Czarina continued in prayer.