Page 3813

3813 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

doctor's degree, and became a professor in

his Alma Mater in 1882. In 1888, he

visited the United States and while here

married an American woman. In 1891, he

entered political life and rapidly became a

leader of his people, championing their cause

against the dominant Germans and Magyars.

He became a marked man, and when the

Great War broke out, he was forced to flee

the country to save his life.

During the war the Czechoslovaks found

themselves in a most unhappy position.

Their young men were forced into the Austro-Hungarian army and were ordered to fight

the Russians and the Servians, like themselves Slavs. Many of them refused, and

it is estimated that probably 200,000 deserted to the enemy. Some of those who were

left at home refused to buy war bonds, gave

information to the enemy, and used all sorts

of obstructive methods to cripple the

Austrian war efforts. Ruthless forms of

terrorism were used by the Government to

control them, and thousands were executed.

Under the inspiration of Masaryk and

others the Czechoslovak emigrants to other

countries formed organizations for the purpose of carrying on the fight for freedom.

In the United States the Bohemian National

Alliance and the Slovak League raised large

sums of money to support the effort. With

money thus raised, Masaryk equipped volunteer armies of Czechoslovaks on both the

French and Russian Fronts.

Dr. Masaryk became the President of the

Czechoslovak National Council. His activities and those of his fellow countrymen

proved so valuable to the Allies that in 1918

the United States and other Allied powers

formally recognized the independence of the

Czechoslovak people. At this time there

was not afoot of soil of their country but

what was under the domination of their

enemies, but Czechoslovak troops were

fighting in Siberia, on the Balkan Front, and

in France. The Czechoslovaks deserved

well of the Allies and of humanity, and it

became a settled policy of the Allies not to