Page 3811

3811 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

possibilities of the situation aroused grave

misgivings in Allied countries for it was seen

that if the material resources of Russia could

be organized by the Germans they might be

able to bid defiance to the rest of the world

indefinitely. It was even feared that they

might be able to draw troops from some

portions of Russia. They actually made an

effort to do so, but defeat came before they

were able to accomplish much of importance

in this direction. Allied troops were landed

at Vladivostok, Archangel, and on the

Murman coast to prevent the Bolshevists

and their German allies from capturing the

military supplies at these places and also to

forestall any effort to establish submarine

bases.

The withdrawal of Russia from the war

left Roumania helpless. Being completely

isolated, the Roumanians were forced to

choose between surrender and annihilation.

Much against their will, they accepted a

treaty dictated by the Central Powers.

This treaty was signed at Bucharest, March

5, 1918. By it, Roumania ceded to Bulgaria

the Dobruja south of the Danube. Roumania was forced to demobilize most of her

army, to dismiss officers of the nations who

were at war with the Central Powers, and to

facilitate the transportation of troops

through Moldavia and Bessarabia to Odessa.

By these various treaties the Central Powers

imposed their will upon Russia and Roumania and temporarily dominated eastern

Europe. As a result of the insane behavior

of the Russian revolutionists all opposition

to the War Lords in the east virtually

disappeared. Russia was prostrate, and

there seemed no hope of her early recovery.

Despite all talk of a fair peace, it was evident

that the Teutons intended to use Russia as

their tool and to draw from her dominions

all the food and munitions possible.

The seriousness of the situation was not

lost upon the Entente Allies. Great Britain,

France, and Italy announced that they did