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instantly. On the other side of the street a

man standing in his doorway was terribly

wounded about the upper part of his body,

and another man who was leaning against

the front garden fence also received severe

injuries. Nearly all the other people in this

street were under cover, and they escaped

physical harm. A man and his wife, who

were just going into the cellar when the

bomb exploded, were flung headlong down

the steps.,

"The third bomb fell in a back

garden against a party wall between

two streets, and it dug a huge crater

in the soft earth. The backs of two

houses were partially blown in, but

fortunately the inhabitants had left

two minutes earlier to take shelter in

a neighbor's house, in which the only

damage was broken glass. Other

houses were less seriously damaged,

and because the tenants had taken

shelter in the center of the buildings

only one girl was seriously injured.

"The fourth bomb caused more

material damage, but nearly all the

people in the street had left their

little houses to find refuge in a school

building forty or fifty yards away. The

bomb fell in a back yard near the

middle of a row of houses, and the

rooms just opposite were almost completely wrecked. If any one had been

within he could not conceivably have

escaped unhurt. All along the street,

on both sides, windows and doorways

were blown out, and a bank and a

jeweler's shop were damaged."

One German object in carrying out

these raids was, of course, to inflict

damage and death in England, but

perhaps a greater one was to force the British

to employ thousands of men, hundreds of

anti-aircraft guns, and many aeroplanes for

home defense. By using some fifty machines

and perhaps 200 aviators and mechanics the

enemy were able to force the British to use

many times that force in defending their

cities. The British aerial strength in France

and Belgium was proportionately diminished.

For a long time, the British refrained from

retaliating by bombing German cities. They

confined their aerial activities to fighting

German aviators and to bombing German

troops, railways, and other objectives of

military importance, but the recurring German raids against London, entailing the

murder of women and children, created an

increasing demand for reprisals. Though

making war on women and children is

not in accordance with Anglo-Saxon traditions, it was felt that only by attacking German cities could something be done to relieve

the situation. After having visited the

horrible scenes in London, Premier Lloyd

George finally announced to a crowd of poor

people in the southwest district of the city

on October 3, 1917, "We will give it all back

to them, and we will give it soon. We shall

bomb Germany with compound interest."

On the same day, Lieutenant General

Smuts announced that the Government had

reluctantly resolved to retaliate and to carry

out air raids on an unprecedented scale