3798 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
has been consecrated by the prayers and
pilgrimages of multitudes of devout people
of these three religions for many centuries,
therefore do I make it known to you that
every sacred building, monument, holy spot,
shrine, traditional site, endowment, pious
bequest, or customary place of prayer of
whatsoever form of the three religions will be
maintained and protected according to the
existing customs and beliefs of those to
whose faith they are sacred.
"Guardians have been established at
Bethlehem and on Rachel's Tomb. The
tomb at Hebron has been placed under
exclusive Moslem control.
"The hereditary custodians at the gates
of the Holy Sepulchre have been requested
to take up their accustomed duties in remembrance of the magnanimous act of Caliph
Omar, who protected that church."
From this proclamation it will be seen that
Allenby was careful to avoid arousing Moslem hatred. Some of his own forces, in
fact, were Arabs who held that faith. For
much of Arabia was in revolt against Turkish
rule, and the King of the Hedjaz led a force
which cooperated effectively with the
The defeated Turks and Teutons retired
north of the city and, for some months,
comparative quiet ensued on the Palestine
Front. But this was not to be the last good
news from the Holy Land.
In the autumn of 1917, aerial warfare
became more ferocious than ever before, and
all the belligerents speeded up the making
of aeroplanes in order to make this arm of the
service more important than in the past.
During the full moon period between September 24 and October I, there were six
important German air raids on London.
Fifty-two men, women, and children were
killed outright, and 258 were wounded. No
material damage to military or munition
establishments was inflicted, and the only
result accomplished was to arouse among
the English people a clamorous demand for
reprisals. The destruction wrought by one
aeroplane in a narrow street was thus described :
"The noise of gunfire was the first warning
which the people of the district received, and
but for the fact that sufficient time passed
before the sudden terror of the bombing to
enable the majority of the inhabitants to
take shelter, the casualty list must have been
far larger than it actually was. The aeroplane
flew in an oblique direction across the many
intersecting streets, and bombs were dropped
at distances of about two hundred yards
"The first bomb fell in a street. A
moment later the second crashed into the
side of another road with destructive effect.
A great hole was scooped-out in the ground.
The fronts of two-story houses opposite were
partially shattered and in most of the other
houses in the street glass was smashed, woodwork hurled inward, and the contents of
"A girl was just entering the doorway of a
house near the explosion and she was killed