Page 3766

3766 UNIVERSAL HISTORY- THE MODERN WORLD.

concerning him. During the recesses of

the Duma, he went about Russia lecturing

and building up the Socialist Labor Party.

He was one of the chief leaders in the

revolution; in fact, it was he who gave

the signal for the Duma to continue sitting

when the Czar ordered its dissolution.

He became Minister of Justice in the

Provisional Government, and now took

up the difficult task of Minister of War.

He was gifted with unusual oratorical

powers, and, for a time, succeeded in

making himself the idol of the Russian

masses.

Unlike some of his compatriots, Kerensky realized that the first task before the

new republic was to defeat the Teutons.

The tendency to demoralization in Russia

caused him much anxiety, and in a speech

made at this time he appealed in pathetic

words to the people not to permit their

golden hope to be destroyed by dissensions.

Civil war between the radicals and

conservatives seemed almost inevitable.

Professional agitators stirred up the people

to foolish things, while secret pro-German

agents endeavored to create a sentiment

for a separate peace. A complete economic collapse appeared imminent, and the

impossible demands of the workers for

increased wages and shorter hours demoralized production and caused many strikes.

On May 27, new disciplinary regulations

were issued which did much to demoralize

the army and to transform it into a debating society. The power of the officers

was greatly diminished, and, on May 30,

a Congress of delegates from the front

voted that it was indispensable to take

every measure to put an end as quickly as

possible to the international carnage and

conclude peace "without annexations or

indemnities." This Congress, however,

recognized the need of resisting the enemy