3766 UNIVERSAL HISTORY- THE MODERN WORLD.
concerning him. During the recesses of
the Duma, he went about Russia lecturing
and building up the Socialist Labor Party.
He was one of the chief leaders in the
revolution; in fact, it was he who gave
the signal for the Duma to continue sitting
when the Czar ordered its dissolution.
He became Minister of Justice in the
Provisional Government, and now took
up the difficult task of Minister of War.
He was gifted with unusual oratorical
powers, and, for a time, succeeded in
making himself the idol of the Russian
Unlike some of his compatriots, Kerensky realized that the first task before the
new republic was to defeat the Teutons.
The tendency to demoralization in Russia
caused him much anxiety, and in a speech
made at this time he appealed in pathetic
words to the people not to permit their
golden hope to be destroyed by dissensions.
Civil war between the radicals and
conservatives seemed almost inevitable.
Professional agitators stirred up the people
to foolish things, while secret pro-German
agents endeavored to create a sentiment
for a separate peace. A complete economic collapse appeared imminent, and the
impossible demands of the workers for
increased wages and shorter hours demoralized production and caused many strikes.
On May 27, new disciplinary regulations
were issued which did much to demoralize
the army and to transform it into a debating society. The power of the officers
was greatly diminished, and, on May 30,
a Congress of delegates from the front
voted that it was indispensable to take
every measure to put an end as quickly as
possible to the international carnage and
conclude peace "without annexations or
indemnities." This Congress, however,
recognized the need of resisting the enemy