Page 3764

3764 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

Government, headed by Prince George

Lvoff, a man of royal extraction but of

democratic sympathies, who was president

of the All-Russian Zemstvo Union. Other

leaders were Michael Rodzianko, President

of the Duma and of the Committee of

Safety, Paul Miliukoff, Foreign Minister,

Alexander Gutchkoff, Minister of War and

Marine, and Alexander Kerensky, Minister

of Justice.

News of the fall of the Romanoffs

reverberated through the world, and the

event was generally considered to be one

of the most important in modern annals.

The deposed Czar and his family, together

with others of the old order, were ordered

to reside in the palace of Tsarskoe Selo.

Grand Duke Nicholas, commander in the

Caucasus, was permitted to live on his

estates in the Crimea. He had deserved

well of Russia, but it was generally believed that it would be mistaken policy

to permit any of the Romanoff family

to remain in power. Chief command of

the army was given to General Alexieff.

The new government was speedily recognized by the United States, by Russia's

allies, and by various neutral states. From

all over the world good wishes were flashed

to Russia, and it was the unanimous

wish of the heart and conscience of humanity that a better era had dawned in

that great but hitherto backward country.

One of the first steps of the new government was to do justice to the long oppressed

Jews, while steps were taken toward the

adoption of a liberal policy toward Poland

and Finland. Political prisoners everywhere were released. Back from Siberia

poured a great crowd of people who had

been the victims of autocracy in the past,

and some dramatic scenes took place when

famous revolutionists who for years had

worked and prayed for Russian freedom

returned to their homes from imprisonment

or exile.