3764 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
Government, headed by Prince George
Lvoff, a man of royal extraction but of
democratic sympathies, who was president
of the All-Russian Zemstvo Union. Other
leaders were Michael Rodzianko, President
of the Duma and of the Committee of
Safety, Paul Miliukoff, Foreign Minister,
Alexander Gutchkoff, Minister of War and
Marine, and Alexander Kerensky, Minister
News of the fall of the Romanoffs
reverberated through the world, and the
event was generally considered to be one
of the most important in modern annals.
The deposed Czar and his family, together
with others of the old order, were ordered
to reside in the palace of Tsarskoe Selo.
Grand Duke Nicholas, commander in the
Caucasus, was permitted to live on his
estates in the Crimea. He had deserved
well of Russia, but it was generally believed that it would be mistaken policy
to permit any of the Romanoff family
to remain in power. Chief command of
the army was given to General Alexieff.
The new government was speedily recognized by the United States, by Russia's
allies, and by various neutral states. From
all over the world good wishes were flashed
to Russia, and it was the unanimous
wish of the heart and conscience of humanity that a better era had dawned in
that great but hitherto backward country.
One of the first steps of the new government was to do justice to the long oppressed
Jews, while steps were taken toward the
adoption of a liberal policy toward Poland
and Finland. Political prisoners everywhere were released. Back from Siberia
poured a great crowd of people who had
been the victims of autocracy in the past,
and some dramatic scenes took place when
famous revolutionists who for years had
worked and prayed for Russian freedom
returned to their homes from imprisonment