Page 3747

3747 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

German submarine came to the surface

within a half mile of the boat and picked

up two survivors. She then submerged

and was not seen again. After a long

period, the other survivors were rescued

by patrol vessels. Sixty men were lost in

the disaster.

One of the most regrettable losses

occurred when the coast guard cutter

Tampa, on service in the war zone, was

torpedoed and sunk, on September 26,

1918, with a loss of its entire complement

of 118 officers and crew. The largest

vessel lost by the navy during the war

was the armored cruiser San Diego. On

July 19, 1918, she struck a German mine

laid by a submarine in home waters. All

but six of her crew were saved, and, as the

vessel was an old one, the loss was not great.

Two destroyers, the Chauncey and the

Shaw, were sunk in collisions. The accident to the former occurred on November

19, 1917; that to the latter on October 9,

1918. In addition, there were a few

minor naval losses, due either to accidents

or the activities of the enemy.

The most mysterious episode of the

war from an American point of view was

the disappearance of the naval collier

Cyclops, She was returning from Brazil

with a cargo of manganese. She put

in at Barbados, but, after leaving that

island on March 4, 1918, neither she nor

any of the 293 persons on board were

ever heard of again. For a time, it was

supposed that she had been seized by the

Germans and taken to a German port, and

this view was considered likely because

the Germans were sorely in need of the

mineral with which she was laden. She

may have been blown up by an infernal

machine which some German sympathizer

had managed to smuggle on board.

The total number of American vessels

sunk by German raiders and submarines

during the war was 151, of a total of

315,588 tons. The total loss of lives on

these vessels was 409. Twenty-one of the

vessels, of a total of 67,815 tons, were sunk

before the United States entered the war.

Sixty-seven Americans lost their lives as a

result of these ante-bellum outrages.

The enemy submarines did not escape

unscathed. On November 24, 1917, the

destroyers Fanning and Nickolson were

convoying merchant vessels when Coxswain

Loomis of the Fanning sighted a periscope a

few hundred yards away. He gave the

alarm, and though the submarine dived immediately, the Fanning steamed over the

spot where the U-boat had disappeared and

dropped a depth bomb. The explosion

shook the submarine, but there was no inrush of water, and the German commander

concluded that no damage had been done.

Soon, however, the motors balked, and

it was evident that something was wrong.

The commander let his boat sink to a

depth of over two hundred feet, hoping

to find bottom on which she could rest

while repairs were effected. But after

going down over two hundred feet the

pressure became so great that signs of

leakage appeared, and as the boat would

not obey the rudders, there was nothing

to do but rise to the surface. Meanwhile

the Nickolson had also dropped a bomb,

but it had done no damage save to give

the Germans a second shaking up.

The crews of the destroyers were beginning to fear that the U-boat had eluded

them when suddenly she came to the surface. The nearest destroyer at once opened

fire, but, before the range could be found,

the submarine crew boiled up out of an

open hatch, flung high their hands, and

began bawling? "Kamerad! Kamerad! Kamerad!" Meanwhile, the commander, who

had remained below, opened the sea valves,

and the submarine began to sink again.

He did this because he was determined

that the boat herself should not be captured. Then he, too, rushed on deck.

Before boats could be lowered from the

destroyers, the submarine sank, carrying

one of the crew down and leaving the rest

floating in the water. The Fanning

steamed slowly among the floundering

Germans, and the American bluejackets

threw lines for them to grasp. One of

the Germans was too weak to help himself

and was sinking when two bluejackets

dived after him, brought him to the surface,

and got him aboard the destroyer. But