Page 3729

3729 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

Among the 6,000 alien enemies interned

there were "many Germans as full of

disloyalty as an adder is full of venom;"

beyond question there were thousands

more alien enemies and even citizens

of the United States who sympathized

in secret with the Central Powers; but

when the final pinch came it is to the

credit of the citizens of Teutonic origin

that the great majority, whatever their

sympathies may have been before the

United States entered the war, finally

whole-heartedly decided that America was

their country and gave her their loyal

support. Hundreds of thousands of men

of German or Austro-Hungarian birth

or origin enlisted in the American armies,

and few made better soldiers. Many such

soldiers were cited by General Pershing

for distinguished services. For example,

witness the case of First Lieutenant

Frank Baer of Ft. Wayne, Indiana, a

member of the 103d Aero Pursuit Squadron. General Pershing's citation ran:

"For the following repeated acts of

extraordinary heroism in action, April 5,

12 and 13, May 8 and 21, 1918, Lieutenant

Baer is awarded a bronze oak leaf to be

worn on the Distinguished Service Cross

awarded him April 12, 1918. Lieutenant

Baer brought down enemy planes on

April 5, April 12 and on April 21, 1918.

On May 4, 1918, he destroyed two German

machines and on May 21 he destroyed

his eighth enemy plane." Lieutenant Baer

was subsequently captured by the Germans but was released after the war.

Another example was that of Sergeant

John Blohm. He was cited for the following act of heroism: "From a shell

hole in which he had taken shelter while

returning from a successful daylight patrol

across the Vesle River, Sergeant Blohm

saw a corporal of his patrol dragging

himself through the grass and bleeding

profusely from a wound in his neck.

He unhesitatingly left his shelter, carried

the corporal behind a tree near the river

bank, dressed his wounds, and using

boughs from a fallen tree as an improvised

raft, towed the injured man across the

river and carried him two hundred yards

over an open field to the American outpost

line, all under continuous rifle and machinegun fire."

Another distinguished fighter of foreign

origin was Private Shimanski. "Having

entered a cellar to install a telephone,

he was attacked by eleven of the enemy,

of whom he killed two and took nine

prisoners, single-handed."

Not only were alien enemies made