Page 3719

3719 THE TWENTIETH CENTUR Y-THE GREAT WAR.

authorities to the United States military

police. It was highly important that

nothing should be done to mar the good

relations between the two peoples, and General Pershing himself issued a general order

emphasizing the need of good behavior

on the part of the soldiers. It ran as

follows:

"For the first time in history an

American army finds itself in European territory. The good name of

the United States of America and the

maintenance of cordial relations require the perfect deportment of each

member of this command.

"It is of the gravest importance

that the soldiers of the American

army shall at all times treat the

French people, and especially the

women, with the greatest courtesy

and consideration. The valiant deeds

of the French armies and the Allies,

by which they together have successfully maintained the common cause

for three years, and the sacrifices of

the civil population of France in support of their armies, command our

profound respect. This can best be

expressed on the part of our forces by

uniform courtesies to all the French

people and by the faithful observance

of their laws and customs.

"The intense cultivation of the soil

in France, under conditions caused by

the war, makes it necessary that extreme care be taken to do no damage to private property. The entire

French manhood capable of bearing

arms is in the field fighting the enemy,

and it should, therefore, be a point of

honor to each member of the American army to avoid doing the least

damage to any property in France."

The town speedily took on an American atmosphere. "American mules went

through the streets of that little port

town, drawing army wagons piled high

with officers' bedding rolls or sides of beef;

motor trucks that had been on the Mexican

border ran past them on the way out to

the camp; military police began keeping

the crowds off the piers; the navy blue of

sailors on shore mingled with khaki on

the curbs or in front of the cafes; and

under the covering barrages of gestures

the vanguard of the expedition was making

its first frontal attack on the French

language."

On July 3, General Petain, commander

in chief of the French armies in France,

issued the following general order to his

men:

"Tomorrow, the Independence Day celebration of the United States, the first

American troops which have debarked

in France will defile in Paris. Later they

will join us on the front. Let us salute

these new companions in arms who without

thought of gain or of conquest, but with