Page 3705

3705 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

command but declared his willingness to

go as a Junior Brigadier. The great

success of the Rough Riders in the Spanish-American War, enthusiasm for Roosevelt

personally, and other considerations caused

more than 300,000 hardy spirits to offer

their services-more than had volunteered

at that time for the Regular Army and

National Guard put together. But some

Democrats in Congress thought "that the

enterprise, carried through in a characteristic Rooseveltian fashion, might have an

unfavorable result in the presidential election of 1920," and, therefore, opposed it.

In the end, however, friends of the plan

managed to incorporate into the bill a section authorizing the President to raise not

to exceed four divisions of volunteers, none

of the men to be under the age of 25

years. The plan was received with enthusiasm, and its supporters urged that the

appearance in France of the best known of

Americans would greatly hearten the Allied

world. But Secretary of War Baker had

viewed the plan with hostile eyes from the

outset, and President Wilson, urging military considerations and public needs, speedily announced that he would not make use

of volunteer forces for the present. Colonel

Roosevelt declared that "President Wilson's

reasons for refusing my offer had nothing

to do either with military considerations

or with public needs."

Another portion of the Selective Service

Act forbade the selling of any intoxicating

liquors to officers or men in uniform and

authorized the President to make such

regulations governing the prohibition of the

sale of alcoholic liquors in or near military

camps and to the officers and enlisted men

of the army as he might from time to

time deem advisable. The Secretary of

War. was also authorized to suppress and

prevent the maintenance of houses of

ill-fame within such distance of the army

camps as he might deem necessary.

It cannot be said that the Selective

Draft Act was received with much