Page 3699


the resolutions passed the Senate by a

vote of 82 to 6. In the early morning of the

6th, they passed the House by 373 to 5O.

An interesting incident of the vote

in the House occurred when, in the calling

of the roll, the name of Jeannette Rankin

was reached. Miss Rankin had taken

her seat in the House only four days

before, and, as she was the first woman

who had ever sat in Congress, she had

attracted great interest. After twice failing to answer to her name on the first

roll call, Miss Rankin rose on the second

roll call and, in a badly frightened voice,

sobbed: "I want to stand by my country,

but I cannot vote for war." Still she

did not formally cast her vote, but finally

in response to insistent demands from

some of her colleagues, she whispered,

"No," and sank back into her seat.

At eleven minutes past one o'clock,

President Wilson signed the declaratory

resolution, and America and Germany were

formally at war.

Many eloquent statements were made

justifying America's entry, but none surpassed or perhaps equaled that penned

by the editor of the Oakland, California,

Enquirer, when the first contingent to

the army of freedom marched from that

place into history. After a reference to

the services of the veterans of the Civil

War, the article continued:

"The lads that go now, high hearted as

were they, go to bleed and do and die in a

war that is fought under water, on its

surface, on the land, and in the air above.

They go to face the clouds of poisonous gas

and the barrage of fire. They go in the

face of all these, to give blow for blow, to

pit American wits, initiative, and courage

against these qualities in the servants of

imperial ambition.

"They go to do more. They go to

prove that they are the soldiers of a great

Republic whose people are civilized. They

go to write it into history that humanity,

mercy and justice have their place in war