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3694 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

him to do so and thus back up his action.

He also asked for a grant of money to

be used "to provide adequate means of

protection where they are lacking, including adequate insurance against the

present war risks'' "It Is not of material

interest merely that we are thinking,"

said he. "It is, rather, of fundamental

human rights, chief of all the right of

life itself. I am thinking, not only of

the rights of Americans to go and come

about their proper business by way of

the sea, but also of something much deeper,

much more fundamental than that. I am

thinking of those rights of humanity without which there is no civilization."

While the President was on his way

to the capitol, word arrived of the torpedoing without warning off the Irish

coast of the British passenger steamer

Laconia. By this outrage a number of

persons lost their lives, among them being

two American women, Mrs. Mary E. Hoy

and her daughter Elizabeth, both of

Chicago. From England Austin Hoy, son

of Mrs. Hoy, cabled to President Wilson

as follows:

"I am an American citizen, representing

the Sullivan Machinery Company of Chicago, living abroad, not as an expatriate,

but for the promotion of American trade.

I love the flag, believing in its significance.

My beloved mother and sister, passengers

on the Laconia, have been foully murdered

on the high seas.

"As an American citizen outraged, and

as such fully within my rights, and as

an American son and brother bereaved,

I call upon my Government to preserve its

citizen's self-respect and save others of

my countrymen from such deep grief as

I now feel. I am of military age, able

to fight. If my country can use me against

these brutal assassins, I am at its call.

"If it stultifies my manhood and my

Nation's by remaining passive under outrage, I shall seek a man's chance under

another flag."

On March I, American feeling was

further roused by the publication of a

German dispatch which had come into

the hands of our secret service. It was

signed by Zimmermann, German Secretary

of Foreign Affairs, and was as follows:

"Berlin, Jan. 19,1917.

"On the 1st of February we intend

to begin submarine warfare unrestricted.

In spite of this, it is our intention to endeavor to keep neutral the United States

of America.

"If this attempt is not successful, we

propose an alliance on the following basis

with Mexico: That we shall make war

together and together make peace. We

shall give general financial support, and

it is understood that Mexico is to reconquer

the lost territory in New Mexico, Texas,

and Arizona. The details are left to you

for settlement.

"You are instructed to inform the

President of Mexico of the above in the

greatest confidence as soon as it is certain

that there will be an outbreak of war

with the United States, and suggest that

the President of Mexico, on his own

initiative, should communicate with Japan

suggesting adherence at once with this plan.

At the same time, offer to mediate between

Germany and Japan.

"Please call to the attention of Mexico

that the employment of ruthless submarine warfare now promises to compel

England to make peace in a few months."

Some pacifists and pro-Germans professed to believe that the dispatch was a

forgery, but Zimmermann admitted having

transmitted it. The most skeptical Americans were at last convinced that the

War Lords would stop at nothing, no

matter how treacherous or dastardly.

Mexico formally denied being implicated

in the matter, while the Prime Minister

of Japan announced that if such a proposal

ever came to hand, it would receive the

contemptuous refusal it deserved.

A great patriotic uprising occurred

in the United States. A bill empowering

the President to arm merchantmen and

appropriating $100,000,000 for this and

kindred purposes passed the House by

403 to 13. In the Senate a little knot

of "willful men," among them Stone of

Missouri and La Follette of Wisconsin,

filibustered against the measure, and the