Page 3688

3688 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.

with scrupulous loyalty toward each one

of them the duties imposed by her neutrality. In the same manner she had been

rewarded by Germany for the confidence

she placed in her, through which, from

one day to the other, without any plausible

reason, her neutrality was violated, and

the Chancellor of the Empire, when announcing to the Reichstag this violation

of right and of treaties, was obliged to

recognize the iniquity of such an act and

predetermine that it would be repaired.

"But the Germans, after the occupation

of Belgian territory, have displayed no

better observance of the rules of international law or the stipulations of The

Hague Convention. They have, by taxation as heavy as it is arbitrary, drained

the resources of the country; they have

intentionally ruined its industries, destroyed whole cities, put to death and

imprisoned a considerable number of inhabitants. Even now, while they are

loudly proclaiming their desire to put

an end to the horrors of war, they increase

the rigors of the occupation by deporting

into servitude Belgian workers by the

thousands.

"If there is a country which has the

right to say that it has taken up arms

to defend its existence, it is assuredly

Belgium. Compelled to fight or to submit

to shame, she passionately desires that an

end be brought to the unprecedented sufferings of her population. But she could

only accept a peace which would assure her

safety, as well as equitable reparation, security, and guarantees for the future."

It was clear that the time for peace

had not yet come. Both Germans and

Austrians issued contemptuous retorts to

the Allied answers and again repudiated

responsibility for further bloodshed.

In a speech at the Guild Hall in London,

Lloyd George declared that there must be

a peace founded "on the rock of vindicated

justice." He said that the Allies "were

not offered terms; we were offered a trap

baited with fair words. They tempted

us once, but the lion has his eyes open.

We have rejected no terms that we have

ever seen. The Kaiser had sent out a