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3679 THE TWENTIETH CENTURY-THE GREAT WAR.

down in France. When Count Zeppelin

died early the next year, it had already

become apparent that his invention was

practically a failure against a well equipped

enemy. In the spring of 1917, the Germans made a few Zeppelin raids, usually

with disastrous results to themselves.

They confined most of their efforts to

aeroplane raids. One of these over the

East Side of London was the bloodiest

of any England had suffered. Those

killed and wounded were mostly of the

very poorest classes, and the details of

the dastardly affair sickened the world.

It was believed by many that the purpose

of this raid was to force the British to

detach some of their aerial forces from the

battle fronts in order to protect their

homes. Demands arose for reprisals on

German cities, but the Government long

humanely refused to heed them.

The Germans, both the military men

and the civilians, had had high hopes of

the Zeppelins. The Kaiser had been so

enthusiastic over them that he had publicly

kissed Count Zeppelin, their inventor,

and had declared him to be the greatest

man of the century. The German people

confidently believed that the Zeppelin

would be able to blot out Paris and

London, destroy the Bank of England and

Buckingham Palace, and sink the British

fleet. When the Zeppelins began to raid

England, the English painstakingly sought

to conceal the details of the attacks. The

Germans were led to believe that immense

damage was being done to the British

munitions factories and military enterprises of various sorts. Even high German

officials long entertained this view. The

destruction of the first Zeppelin by Lieutenant Warneford over Belgium did not