3666 UNIVERSAL HISTORY-THE MODERN WORLD.
them on the voyage; as for communication
with them by the outside world, this was
The Germans, of course, speedily sought
to find a means of dealing with the tanks.
They established special observers and
aeroplanes to watch for the new machines
of warfare and to signal their appearance,
and they placed guns in advantageous
positions, both in the rear and in the
trenches, to deal with them by shell-fire.
Armor-piercing bullets were served out
to machine gunners and riflemen, and
elaborately concealed tank traps were
prepared to engulf the monsters. Nevertheless, the tanks formed such an excellent
antidote for the machine gun that great
numbers were later employed.
In the latter half of September, the
British captured Thiepval-long a thorn
in their side-and numerous other positions, with almost ten thousand prisoners.
Meanwhile, the French also were making
progress, while German morale and determination was weakening. The British
confidenty believed that at last they
were "top dog." Rapid and decisive
progress seemed certain when bad weather
set in and transformed the battle ground
into a sea of mud. Small operations,
however, were continued, and a considerable attack, in the middle of November, netted considerable ground and over
seven thousand prisoners. Further attacks
then had to be postponed until the following year.
The losses on both sides had been enormous. The British losses alone were
estimated at four or five hundred thousand men, almost all killed or wounded,
for they lost few prisoners. The French
losses were probably two hundred thousand. The German losses were not made
known to the world, but they probably
equaled those of the Allies. The Allies
captured over 73,000 Germans and over