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enemy. Again the firing ceased, and the

Russian "waves" charged in earnest.

The Teutonic front was defended by

line after line of intrenchments, with

networks of barbed wire in front, but in

many places nothing availed to stop the

onward rush of the brave Russians. Before the day closed, the assailants had

taken thirteen thousand prisoners and

many cannon and machine guns, and had

effected irreparable breaches in the line.

Pushing on with the greatest energy,

the Russians, by the end of the next

day, had increased the number of captives to twenty-five thousand. In

many places the Russians were repulsed with sanguinary losses, but

they refused to accept defeat and

again and again rushed to the charge,

while at other places the assailants,

dashing through breaches in the far-flung battle line, made retreat inevitable.

Having weakened their eastern line

in order to obtain men and guns for

the drives against the French and

Italians, the Teutons had not the reserves available to stay the Slavic

flood. On the 7th, the great fortress

of Lutsk fell with over ten thousand

prisoners. Three days later, the town

and fortress of Dubno again passed,

into Russian hands. The whole Austrian line in the east had now crumbled, and the Russians had captured

over a hundred thousand men, and

nearly two hundred guns and trench


Meanwhile, the Russian horde

pushed into Bukowina, which was presently

reconquered, and moved triumphantly westward over the plains of Galicia. In order

to effect a diversion in favor of their hard

pressed ally, the Germans threw reinforcements to the region of Kovel and also

assailed the northern Russian line at

various places, but the Germans also had

weakened their eastern line in order to

feed the fiery furnace at Verdun, and, for

a considerable time, they were unable

to accomplish much toward staying the

disaster. Terrific fighting, in which first

one and then the other army attempted

the aggressive, took place around Baranovitchy and other places north of the Pinsk

Marshes, but no notable progress was made

in this sector by either the Russians or

the Germans.

Problems of transport slowed down the

Russian advance against Austria, yet still

the Bear pressed forward. Czernovitch, the

capital of Bukowina, was captured in the

middle of June, but most of the Austrian

army in that region managed to escape

beyond the Carpathians. By the end of

June, the Russian captures totaled about

two hundred and seventeen thousand men,

more than two hundred cannons, and immense stores of all kinds; and Austrian

power was threatened with complete collapse.

The main Russian objectives now became

Lemberg and Kovel. The last of these

is a great railway center, and its capture

would have necessitated a German retreat along the whole northern portion.